Publications

RRN2

2017

Kosteniuk, J., Stewart, N., Karunanayake, C., Wilson, E., Penz, K., Kulig, J, Martin-Misener, R., Morgan, D., & MacLeod, M. (2017). Exploratory factor analysis and reliability of the Primary Health Care Engagement (PHCE) Scale in rural and remote nurses: Findings from a national survey. Primary Health Care Research & Development, 1-15. doi:10.1017/S146342361700038X

MacLeod, L.P. M., Stewart, J, N., Kulig, J.C., Anguish, P., Andrews, ME., Banner, D., Garraway, L., Hanlon, N., Karunanayake, C., Kilpatrick, K., Koren, I., Kosteniuk, J., Martin-Misener, R., Mix, N., Moffitt, P., Olynick, J., Penz, K., Sluggett, L., Van Pelt, L., Wilson, E., & Zimmer, L. (2017).  Nurses who work in rural and remote communities in Canada: A national survey. Human Resources for Health, 15(34). Retrieved from http://rdcu.be/sOoD

Kulig, J., Penz, K., Karunanayake, C., MacLeod, M., Jahner, S. & Andrews, M.E. (2017). Experiences of rural and remote nurses assisting with disasters. Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aenj.2017.04.003

Survey Final Reports

MacLeod, M., Stewart, N., Kulig, J., Olynick, J., Jonatansdorrir, S., & Kosteniuk, J. (August, 2017). Registered Nurse National Survey Report: Nursing Practice In Rural and Remote Canada. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-04-01

MacLeod, M., Stewart, N., Kulig, J., Olynick, J., Kosteniuk, J., & Jonatansdottir, S. (August, 2017). Licensed/Registered Practical Nurse National Survey Report: Nursing Practice In Rural and Remote Canada. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-04-02

MacLeod, M., Stewart, N., Kulig, J., Jonatansdottir, S., Olynick, J., & Kosteniuk, J. (August, 2017). Nurse Practitioner National Survey Fact Sheet: Nursing Practice In Rural and Remote Canada. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-04-03

MacLeod, M., Stewart, N., Kulig, J., Olynick, J., Kosteniuk, J., Jonatansdottir, S. (September, 2017). Registered Psychiatric Nurse National Survey Fact Sheet: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-04-04

Survey Fact Sheets

Jonatansdottir, S., Olynick, J., Garraway, L., Wilson, E., Kosteniuk, J., Mix, N., & MacLeod, M. (April, 2017). British Columbia Survey Fact Sheet: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-04-01.

Kulig, J., Kosteniuk, J., Jonatansdottir, S., Olynick, J., Mix, N., Garraway, L., & MacLeod, M. (April, 2017). Alberta Survey Fact Sheet: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-04-02.

Andrews, M.E., Kosteniuk, J., Penz, K., Stewart, N., Olynick, J., Jonatansdottir, S., Mix, N., Garraway, L., & MacLeod, M. (April, 2017). Saskatchewan Survey Fact Sheet: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-04-03.

Olynick, J., Andrews, M.E., Kosteniuk, J., Penz, K., Jonatansdottir, S., Mix, N., Garraway, L., Stewart, N., & MacLeod, M. (April, 2017). Manitoba Survey Fact Sheet: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-04-04

Jonatansdottir, S., Koren, I., Olynick, J., Mix, N., Garraway, L., & MacLeod, M. (April, 2017). Ontario Survey Fact Sheet: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-04-05.

Kilpatrick, K., Jonatansdottir, S., Kosteniuk, J., Olynick, J., Mix, N., Garraway, L., & MacLeod, M. (April, 2017). Quebec Survey Fact Sheet: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-04-06

Olynick, J., Martin-Misener, R., Jonatansdottir, S., Mix, N., Garraway, L., & MacLeod, M. (May, 2017). New Brunswick Survey Fact Sheet: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-04-07

Jonatansdottir, S., Martin-Misener, R., Kosteniuk, J., Olynick, J., Stewart, N., Mix, N., Garraway, L., & MacLeod, M. (April, 2017). Nova Scotia Survey Fact Sheet: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-04-08.

Jonatansdottir, S., Martin-Misener, R., Kosteniuk, J., Olynick, J., Mix, N., Garraway, L., & MacLeod, M. (April, 2017). Prince Edward Island Survey Fact Sheet: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-04-09.

Olynick, J., Martin-Misener, R., Jonatansdottir, S., Mix, N., Garraway, L., & MacLeod, M. (April, 2017). Newfoundland and Labrador Survey Fact Sheet Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-04-10.

Olynick, J., Moffitt, P., Kosteniuk, J., Jonatansdottir, S., Mix, N., Garraway, L., & MacLeod, M. (April, 2017). Northwest Territories Survey Fact Sheet: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-04-11

Olynick, J., Moffitt, P., Kosteniuk, J., Jonatansdottir, S., Mix, N., Garraway, L., & MacLeod, M. (May, 2017). Yukon Survey Fact Sheet: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-04-12

Jonatansdottir, S., Moffitt, P., Kosteniuk, J., Olynick, J., Mix, N., Garraway, L., & MacLeod, M. (April, 2017). Nunavut Survey Fact Sheet: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-04-13

2015

Kulig, J., Kilpatrick, K., Moffitt, P., & Zimmer, L. (2015). Recruitment and retention in rural nursing: It's still an issue! Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership, 28(2): 40-50

Kosteniuk, J.G., Wilson, E.C., Penz, K.L., MacLeod, M.L., Stewart, N.J., Kulig, J.C., Karunanayake, C.P., & Kilpatrick, K. (2015). Development and psychometric evaluation of the Primary Health Care Engagement (PHCE) Scale: a pilot survey of rural and remote nurses. Primary health care research & development, 1-15.

2014

Place, J., Paterson, J., MacLeod, M., Archbell, K. & Pitblado, R. (September 2014). Fact Sheet: Nursing Employment in the Yukon. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-01-12

Place, J., MacLeod, M., Moffitt, P. & Pitblado, R. (September, 2014). Fact Sheet: Nursing Employment in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-01-11

Place, J., MacLeod, M., Johnston, S. & Pitblado, R. (June, 2014). Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote British Columbia: An Analysis of CIHI's Nursing Database... Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-01-1 Printer-friendly version

Place, J., MacLeod, M., Kulig, J. & Pitblado, R. (June, 2014). Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Alberta: An Analysis of CIHI's Nursing Database.  Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-01-2 Printer-friendly version

Place, J., MacLeod, M., Stewart, N. & Pitblado, R. (June, 2014). Nursing Practice In Rural and Remote Saskatchewan: An Analysis of CIHI’s Nursing Database. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-01-3 Printer-friendly version

Place, J., MacLeod, M. & Pitblado, R. (June, 2014). Nursing Practice In Rural and Remote Manitoba: An Analysis of CIHI’s Nursing Database. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-01-4

Paterson, J., Place, J., & MacLeod, M. (June, 2014). Nursing Practice In Rural and Remote Ontario: An Analysis of CIHI’s Nursing Database. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-01-5 Printer-friendly version

Place, J., MacLeod, M., Kilpatrick, K. & Pitblado, R. (June, 2014). Nursing Practice In Rural and Remote Québec: An Analysis of CIHI’s Nursing Database. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-01-6 Printer-friendly version

Place, J., Paterson, J., MacLeod, M., & Pitblado, R. (June, 2014). Nursing Practice In Rural and Remote New Brunswick: An Analysis of CIHI’s Nursing Database. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-01-7 Printer-friendly version

Place, J., MacLeod, M. & Pitblado, R. (June, 2014). Nursing Practice In Rural and Remote Nova Scotia: An Analysis of CIHI’s Nursing Database. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-01-8 Printer-friendly version

Place, J., MacLeod, M. & Pitblado, R. (June, 2014). Nursing Practice In Rural and Remote Prince Edward Island: An Analysis of CIHI’s Nursing Database. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-01-9 Printer-friendly version

Paterson, J., Place, J., MacLeod, M. & Pitblado, R. (June, 2014). Nursing Practice In Rural and Remote Newfoundland and Labrador: An Analysis of CIHI’s Nursing Database. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-01-10 Printer-friendly version

2013

Pitblado, R., Koren, I., MacLeod, M., Place, J., Kulig, J., & Stewart, N. (2013). Characteristics and Distribution of the Regulated Nursing Workforce in Rural and Small Town Canada, 2003 and 2010. Prince George, BC: Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II. RRN2-01

Kulig, J., Kilpatrick, K., Moffitt, P., & Zimmer, L., (2013). Rural and Remote Nursing Practice: An Updated Documentary Analysis. Lethbridge: University of Lethbridge. RRN2-02

RRN 1

2012

Kulig, J. C., MacLeod, M. L. P., Stewart, N. J., & Pitblado, J. R. (2012). Rural health. In Community health nursing, a Canadian perspective. L. Stamler, & L. Yiu (Eds). (3rd ed.; pp. 363-374). Toronto: Pearson Prentice Hall Canada.

2011

Andrews, M.E., Stewart, N.J., Morgan, D.G., & D’Arcy, C. (2011). More alike than different: A comparison of male and female RNs in rural and remote CanadaJournal of Nursing Management, 20(4):561-570.

Stewart, N. J., D’Arcy, C., Kosteniuk, J., Andrews, M. E., Morgan, D., Forbes, D., MacLeod, M. L. P., Kulig, J. C., & Pitblado, J. R. (2011). Moving on? Predictors of intention to leave among rural and remote RNs in CanadaJournal of Rural Health, 27(1), 103-113.

2010

Zibrik, K.J., MacLeod, M.L.P., Zimmer, L.V. (2010). Professionalism in rural acute care nursingCanadian Journal of Nursing Research 42(1), 20-36.

2009

Kulig, J. C., Stewart, N., Penz, K., Forbes, D., Morgan, D., & Emerson, P. (2009). Work setting, community attachment, and satisfaction among rural and remote nursesPublic Health Nursing, 26(5), 430-439.

2008

Kulig, J. C., Andrews, M. E., Stewart, N. J., Pitblado, J. R., MacLeod, M. L. P., Bentham, D., D’Arcy, C., Morgan, D., Forbes, D., Remus, G., & Smith, B. (2008). How do registered nurses define rurality? Australian Journal of Rural Health, 16(1), 28-32.

Kulig, J. C., MacLeod, M. L. P., Stewart, N. J., & Pitblado, J. R. (2008). Clients in rural areas. In L. Stamler & L. Yiu (Eds.), Community health nursing, a Canadian perspective (2nd ed., pp. 301-310). Toronto: Pearson Prentice Hall Canada.

MacLeod, M. L. P., Martin-Misener, R., Banks, C., Morton, M., Vogt, C., & Bentham, D. (2008). “I’m a different kind of nurse”: Advice from nurses in rural and remote Canada.Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership, 21(3), 40-53.

MacLeod, M. L. P., Ulrich, C. H., Lindsey, L., Fulton, T., & John, N. (2008). The development of a practice-driven, reality-based program for rural acute care registered nursesJournal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 39(7), 298-304.

Martin-Misener, R., MacLeod, M. L. P., Vogt, C., Morton, M., Banks, C., & Bentham, D. (2008). “There’s rural and then there’s rural”: Advice from nurses providing primary healthcare in northern remote communitiesCanadian Journal of Nursing Leadership, 21(3), 54-63.

Penz, K., Stewart, N. J., D’Arcy, C., & Morgan, D. (2008). Predictors of job satisfaction for rural acute care registered nurses in CanadaWestern Journal of Nursing Research, 30(7), 785-800.

2007

Kulig, J., MacLeod, M., & Lavoie, J. G. (2007). Nurses and First Nations and Inuit community-managed primary care servicesNursing BC, 39(1), 14-15.

Kulig, J., MacLeod, M., & Lavoie, J. G. (2007). Fact Sheet: Nurses and First Nations and Inuit Community-Managed Primary Health Services. The Nature of Rural & Remote Nursing, 5.

Penz, K., D’Arcy, C., Stewart, N., Kosteniuk, J., Morgan, D., & Smith, B. (2007). Barriers to participation in continuing education activities among rural and remote nursesJournal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 38(2), 58.

2006

Kosteniuk, J.G., D’Arcy, C., Stewart, N., & Smith, B. (2006). Central and peripheral information source use among rural and remote registered nursesJournal of Advanced Nursing 55(1), 100-114.

Kulig, J. & Stewart, N. J. (2006). Fact Sheet: Aboriginal Nurses in Rural and Remote Canada.The Nature of Rural & Remote Nursing, 4.

Kulig, J. C., Stewart, N. J., Morgan, D., Andrews, M. E., MacLeod, M. L. P., & Pitblado, J. R. (2006). Aboriginal nurses: Insights from a national studyCanadian Nurse, 102(4), 16-20.

Stewart, N. J., Kulig, J. C., Penz, K., Andrews, M. E., Houshmand, S., Morgan, D. G., MacLeod, M. L. P., Pitblado, J. R., & D’Arcy, C. (2006). Aboriginal registered nurses in rural and remote Canada: Results from a national survey. Saskatoon, SK: University of Saskatchewan. R06-2006.

2005

Andrews, M.-E., Stewart, N. J., Pitblado, J. R., Morgan, D. G., D’Arcy, C., & Forbes, D. (2005). Registered nurses working alone in rural and remote CanadaCanadian Journal of Nursing Research, 37(1), 14-33.

Kulig, J. (2005). Rural health research: Are we beyond the crossroads? Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 37(1), 3-6.

Kulig, J. (2005). Fact Sheet: What educational preparation do nurses need for practice in rural and remote Canada? The Nature of Rural & Remote Nursing, 2.

Pitblado, J. R. (2005). So, what do we mean by “rural”, “remote” and “northern”? Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 37(1), 163-168.

Pitblado, J.R. (2005). Fact Sheet: How many registered nurses are there in rural and remote Canada? The Nature of Rural & Remote Nursing, 1.

Pitblado, J. R., Medves, J. M., & Stewart, N. J. (2005). For work and for school: Internal migration of Canada’s rural nurses. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 37(1), 102-121.

Stewart, N., D’Arcy, C., Pitblado, R., Forbes, D., Morgan, D., Remus, G., Smith, B., & Kosteniuk, J. (2005). Report of the national survey of nursing practice in rural and remote Canada. R01-2005.

Stewart, N. J., D’Arcy, C., Pitblado, J. R., Morgan, D. G., Forbes, D., Remus, G., Smith, B., Andrews, M. E., Kosteniuk, J., Kulig, J. C, & MacLeod, M. L. P. (2005). A profile of registered nurses in rural and remote CanadaCanadian Journal of Nursing Research, 37(1), 122-145.

Stewart, N. J. & MacLeod, M. (2005). Fact Sheet: RNs in Nurse Practitioner Positions in Rural and Remote Canada. The Nature of Rural & Remote Nursing, 3.

2004

MacLeod, M., Kulig, J., Stewart, N., Pitblado, R. (2004). Rural and remote nursing practice: Final report to Canadian Health Services Research Foundation. R04-2004.

MacLeod, M. L. P., Kulig, J. C., Stewart, N. J., Pitblado, J. R., & Knock, M. (2004). The nature of nursing practice in rural and remote CanadaCanadian Nurse, 100(6), 27-31.

Kulig, J. C., Nahachewsky, D., Thomlinson, E., MacLeod, M. L. P., & Curran, F. (2004).Maximizing the involvement of rural nurses in policyNursing Leadership, 17(1), 88-96.

2003

Kulig , J. C., Thomlinson, E. , Curran, F., Nahachewsky, D., Macleod, M., Stewart, N., & Pitblado, R. (2003). Rural and remote nursing practice: An analysis of policy documents. R03-2003.

2002

Lazure, G. (2002). La nature de la pratique infirmière en régions éloignées et/ou isolées au Québec.

Kulig , J. C., Thomlinson, E. , Curran, F., Nahachewsky, D., Macleod, M., Stewart, N., & Pitblado, R. (2002). Recognizing and addressing the challenges: The impact of policy on rural and remote nursing practice. Documentary Analysis Interim Report (No. R02-2002). Lethbridge: University of Lethbridge.

ICIS (2002). Nombre et répartition des infirmières et infirmiers autorisés dan les regions rurales et petites villes du Canada, 2000. Ottawa: L’Institut candien d’information sur la santé.

Hart, M., Meyer, C., Kulig, J., Thomlinson, E., & Curran, F. (2002). Health policy development: Connections to nursing – an annotated bibliography. R01-2002.

2001

Lazure, G., & Michaud, S. L. (2001, October). L’infirmière en regions Éloigneés et rurales: Une practique professionelle méconnue, essentielle et unique. Artère, 19(8), 12.

Pitblado, R. (2001, September). Nursing practice in rural and remote Canada: “We’re it!” Hospital News, 14(9): 20.

Pitblado, R., Medves, J., MacLeod, M., Stewart, N., & Kulig, J. Canada Institute for Health Information. (2002). Supply and distribution of registered nurses in rural and small town Canada, 2000.