Dr. Fredeen began his post-secondary education at the University of Saskatchewan (Soil Science - 1983), followed by a Ph.D. at U.C., Berkeley (Plant and Soil Biology - 1988), followed by postdoctoral research at the Carnegie Institution of Washington - Plant Biology on the Stanford University campus (1989-1994). He has been at UNBC since 1994, teaching mostly in the plant biology (BIOL304: Plants, Society and Environment, and BIOL404: Plant Ecology) and sustainability (ENVS/INTS 225: Global Environmental Change and Global Sustainability) realms. Dr. Fredeen is currently the Director of the Natural Resources and Environmental Studies Institute (NRESi) at UNBC.
Research and Expertise
His primary research interests include the measurement of forest carbon stocks and storage as well as CO2 fluxes into and out of forests in central British Columbia using stable isotope, Bowen Ratio, Eddy Covariance and leaf-level gas-exchange approaches. His other research interests include ecophysiology of sub-boreal conifer forests, lichen diversity and physiology, and carnivorous and mixotrophic plant function.Areas of Expertise:
Plant Gas-exchange, Plant/Forest Nutrition, Forest Ecology, Forest Carbon, Forest-Climate interactions, Sustainability.
- PhD NRES
- MSc NRES Biology
- MSc NRES Environmental Science
- MSc NRES Forestry
McEwen J, Fredeen AL, Pypker TG, Foord VN, Black TA, Jassal RS, A Nesic. (2020: with revision) Carbon storage recovery in surviving lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia) 11 years after mountain pine beetle attack in northern British Columbia, Canada. Canadian Journal of Forest Research.
Rajan J., Fredeen AL, A Booth, M Watson 2018. Measuring food waste and creating diversion opportunities at Canada’s Green UniversityTM. Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition. 13(4): 573-586. DOI: 10.1080/19320248.2017.1374900
Meyer G, Black TA, Jassal RS, Nesic Z, Coops NC, Christen A, Fredeen AL, Spittlehouse D, Grant NJ, Foord VN, R Bowler. 2018. Simulation of net ecosystem productivity of a lodgepole pine forest after mountain pine beetle attack using a modified version of 3-PG. Forest Ecology and Management. 412: 41-52.
Bowler R, Massicotte HM, AL Fredeen 2017. Combining leaf gas-exchange and stable carbon isotopes to assess mycoheterotrophy in three species of Pyroleae. Botany 95: 1071-1080.
Kobylinski A, Fredeen AL. 2014. Vertical distribution and nitrogen content of epiphytic macrolichen functional groups in sub-boreal forests of central British Columbia. Forest Ecology and Management 329:118-128.
Brown MG, Black TA, Nesic Z, Foord VN, Spittlehouse DL, Fredeen AL, Bowler R, Burton PJ, Grant NJ, Lessard D. 2014. Evapotranspiration and canopy characteristics of two lodgepole pine stands following mountain pine beetle attack. Hydrological Processes 28:3326-3340
Mathys A, TA Black, Z Nesic, G Nishio, M Brown, DL Spittlehouse, AL Fredeen, R Bowler, RS Jassal, NJ Grant, PJ Burton, JA Trofymow, Meyer G. 2013. Carbon balance of a partially-harvested mixed conifer forest following mountain pine beetle attack and its comparison to a clearcut. Biogeosciences 10:5451-5463.
Campbell J, P Bengtson, AL Fredeen, DS Coxson, Prescott CE. 2013. Does exogenous carbon extend the realized niche of canopy lichens? Evidence from sub-boreal forests in British Columbia. Ecology 94(5):1186-1195.
Matsuzaki E, P Sanborn, AL Fredeen, CH Shaw, Hawkins C. 2013. Carbon stocks in managed and unmanaged old-growth western redcedar and western hemlock stands of Canada's inland temperate rainforests. Forest Ecology and Management 297:108-119.
Smyth D, AL Fredeen, Wilkening K. 2013. Sustainability at Canada's Green University(TM): The Greening of the University of Northern British Columbia. The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability 8(4):37-49.
Bowler R, Fredeen AL, Brown MG, Black TA. 2012. Residual vegetation importance to net CO2 uptake in pine-dominated stands following mountain pine beetle attack in central British Columbia, Canada. Forest Ecology and Management 269:82-91.
Brown MG, Black TA, Nesic Z, Fredeen AL, Foord VN, Spittlehouse DL, Bowler R, Burton PJ, Grant NJ, Lessard D. 2012. The carbon balance of two lodgepole pine stands recovering from mountain pine beetle attack in British Columbia. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 153:82-93.
Janzen D, Bois CH, Sanborn PT, Wheate RD, AL Fredeen. 2010. Spatial and temporal modeling of carbon stocks using Landsat TM/ETM+ for a sub-boreal forest. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing. 36(4):374-390.
Bruzzese BM, Bowler R, Massicotte HB, AL Fredeen. 2010. Photosynthetic light-response in three carnivorous plant species: Drosera rotundifolia, D. capensis and Sarracenia leucophylla. Photosynthetica 48(1):103-109.
Smyth D, Fredeen AL, A Booth. 2010. Reducing solid waste in higher education: the first step towards 'greening' a university campus. Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 54:1007-1016.
Campbell J, Bradfield GE, Prescott CE, AL Fredeen. 2010. The influence of overstorey Populus on epiphytic lichens in subboreal spruce forests of British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 40:143-154.
Brown M, Black TA, Nesic Z, Egginton V, Spittlehouse DL, Fredeen AL, Grant NJ, Burton P, JA Trofymow 2010. Impact of the mountain pine beetle attack on the carbon balance of lodgepole pine stands in British Columbia. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 150:254-264.
Carson AW, Rea RV, AL Fredeen 2009. Compensatory shoot growth in trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) in response to simulated moose browsing. Alces 45:101-108.
Bois CH, Janzen DT, Sanborn PT, AL Fredeen 2009. Contrasting total carbon socks between ecological site series in a sub-boreal spruce research forest in central British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 39(5):897-907.
Botting RS, Campbell J, AL Fredeen 2008. Contrasting arboreal and terrestrial macrolichen and bryophyte communities in old-growth sub-boreal spruce forests of central British Columbia. The Bryologist 111(4):607-619.
Campbell J, AL Fredeen 2007. Contrasting the abundance, nitrogen and carbon of epiphytic macrolichen species between host trees and soil types in a sub-boreal forest. Canadian Journal of Botany 85:31-42.
Carson AW, Rea RV, AL Fredeen 2007. Extent of stem dieback in trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides) as an indicator of time since simulated browsing. Journal of Range Management. 60:543-547.
Fredeen AL, Waughtal JD, TG Pypker. 2007. When do replanted sub-boreal clearcuts become net sinks for CO2? Forest Ecology and Management 239:210-216.
Janzen, DT, Fredeen AL, RD Wheate. 2006. Radiometric correction techniques and accuracy assessment for Landsat TM data in remote forested regions. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing. 32(5):330-340.
Botting RS, AL Fredeen 2006b. Net ecosystem CO2 exchange for moss and lichen dominated forest floors of old-growth sub-boreal spruce forests in central British Columbia, Canada. Forest Ecology and Management 235:240-251.
Botting RS, AL Fredeen 2006a. Contrasting terrestrial moss, lichen and liverwort diversity and abundance between old-growth and young second-growth sub-boreal spruce forest in central British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Botany 84(1):120-132.
Fredeen AL, Bois CH, Janzen DT, PT Sanborn 2005. Comparison of coniferous forest carbon stocks between old-growth and young second-growth forests on two soil types in central British Columbia, Canada. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35:1411-1421.
Fredeen AL, Hoekstra KT, RW Madill 2004. Primary longitudinal resin canals in lodgepole pine occur in Fibonacci numbers. Canadian Journal of Botany 82:1539-1544.
Campbell J, AL Fredeen 2004. Lobaria pulmonaria abundance as an indicator of macrolichen diversity in Interior Cedar hemlock forests of East-Central British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Botany 82:970-982.
Pypker TG, AL Fredeen 2003. CO2 fluxes from a chronosequence of clearcuts 1 to 10 years after harvest in sub-Boreal B.C. Forest Ecology and Management. 172:249-259
Fredeen AL, Horning JA, RW Madill 2002. Spiral phyllotaxis of needle-fascicles on branches and scales on cones in Pinus contorta Dougl. Ex Loud. var. latifolia Engelm.: Are they influenced by wood-grain spiral? Canadian Journal of Botany 80:166-175.
Pypker TG, AL Fredeen 2002. The growing season carbon balance of a sub-boreal clearcut five years after harvesting using two independent approaches to measure ecosystem CO2 flux. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32:852-862.
Pypker TG, AL Fredeen 2002. The growing season carbon balance of a sub-boreal clearcut five and six years after harvesting. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 114(1): 15-30.