Our Research

NRESi supports and develops opportunities for research focused on collecting baseline information, as well as applying that knowledge to practical problems. It also provides a venue and facilitates discussions on topics of interest and relevant research issues, with community application. Doing so often requires blending expertise from diverse disciplines to solve complex problems of resource use. The integration of natural and social sciences, with respect to societal values, is key to a strong foundation for relevant education, research, and management.

NRESi’s membership has a broad range of interests. These include, but are not limited to:
  • Atmospheric modeling
  • Climate change
  • Community engagement
  • Cumulative impacts
  • Development themes (e.g. forestry, mining, oil & gas, fisheries, agriculture)
  • Eco-tourism
  • Food security
  • Forest ecology
  • Genetics
  • Land use planning
  • Nutrient cycling
  • Political science and governance
  • Remote sensing & GIS
  • Rural and remote issues
  • Social considerations of resource use
  • Soil contamination and remediation
  • Wastewater and waste management
  • Water resources
  • Wildlife, plant, fish, and avian biology
Research within the Natural Resources and Environmental Studies Institute emphasizes disciplinary research in an interdisciplinary context. The research projects listed on this page are arranged by the following broad categories: Ecological Patterns and Processes, Societal Structures and Values, and Earth Systems and Dynamics.  Click on a bookmark to go directly to that portion of this web page. Within a topic area, the projects are listed alphabetically by project  title.  To search for a particular subject or topic area, please use the search function within your web browser.

Ecological Patterns and Processes

Project Title: A regional carbon-balance and GIS-model for a sub-boreal research forest in central British Columbia.
Investigator(s): Fredeen, A.L. (P.I.)
Project Description: This group project is attempting to model and map carbon stocks for an upland sub-boreal spruce and fir forest (~6,000 hectares) within the Aleza Lake Research Forest 60 km east of Prince George in central British Columbia. Aboveground and belowground carbon stocks were sampled and measured and modeling of these present day stocks were assessed in 2003-2005. Spatially explicit modeling utilizing relationships between carbon stocks and Landsat TM imagery and Forest Inventory information for the forest are permitting us to extrapolate forward in time to examine the best types of forest management for conservation and sequestering of forest carbon.
Start and End Dates: 2002-2005
Funding Agency: CFCAS

Project Title: Importance of nonvascular plants (mosses & liverworts) and lichens to the carbon and nitrogen economy of a sub-boreal forest.
Investigator(s): Fredeen, A.L. (P.I.)
Project Description: Art Fredeen and a graduate student are attempting to determine the importance of tree-borne lichens, but particularly those that can ‘fix’ atmospheric N2-gas, on the nitrogen inputs into northern interior forests of British Columbia. Nitrogen is the most limiting nutrient for our forest ecosystems, and the sustainability of these systems may depend on the conservation of these species which are generally most abundant in mature to old-growth stands.
Start and End Dates: 2005-2009
Funding Agency: NSERC

Project Title: Stand and forest dynamics following mountain pine beetle: how spatial patterns of salvage harvesting affect Warren root collar weevil pressure in regenerating stands
Investigator(s): Brian Aukema, Staffan Lindgren, Michael Gillingham, Niklas Bjorklund, Matthew Klingenberg (MSc candidate)
Project Description: A significant threat to regeneration following the mountain pine beetle epidemic is Warren root collar weevil both concentrating in and migrating from residual stands. In some areas, up to 40% mortality has been observed. We are examining how spatial patterns of salvage harvesting may affect weevil pressure.
Start and End Dates: April 2006 to March 2008
Funding Agency: BC Forest Sciences Program

Project Title: New Windows on Environmental Change in Northern British Columbia: Assessing Changes in Caribou and Moose Distribution Through Alternative Sources
Investigator(s): Gail Fondahl (PI), Chris Johnson (PI), Ted Binnema, Dominic Santomauro (MNRES Student)
Project Description: This project investigates the application of multiple data sources to reconstruct historical chronologies of environmental patterns or processes. We will use HBC records, naturalist reports, popular accounts, and traditional/experiential knowledge to reconstruct changes in the distribution of caribou and moose throughout the Fort St. James area. This project will provide a critical evaluation of each data source and provide insight on historical patterns of caribou and moose dynamics.
Start and End Dates: January 2006-April 2007
Funding Agency: non-funded

Project Title: Vulnerability of Barren-ground Caribou to Predation During Winter Limitations and Implications to Population and Distribution Dynamics
Investigator(s): Chris Johnson (PI), Dean Cluff (PI; Government of the Northwest Territories), Inge-Jean Mattson (MSc Student)
Project Description: This project investigates limiting factors influencing the distribution and population dynamics for Bathurst caribou on their winter range. Using a combination of block and landscape aerial surveys we will gather data describing caribou and wolf distribution and density and kill rates relative to snow and habitat factors (i.e., lichen). This study will provide new insight into the predator-prey dynamics of barren-ground caribou populations in the central Arctic and indicate the potential implications of climate change.
Start and End Dates: September 2005-September 2007
Funding Agency: Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development

Project Title: Coarse filter approaches for the conservation biology of canopy lichens in wet cedar-hemlock and sub-boreal spruce forests of central-interior BC.
Investigator(s): Darwyn Coxson (PI), Susan Stevenson (UNBC Adjunct), Trevor Goward (UBC Adjunct)
Project Description: Researchers at UNBC are examining what factors promote lichen growth and development in cedar-hemlock forests from BC’s wetbelt zone, with the goal of maintaining these qualities in areas where forest harvesting is being conducted.  As a part of this research detailed stand structural and lichen biodiversity measurements are being conducted in the Upper Fraser River watershed. 
Start and End Dates: April 1, 2005 to Mar 31 2008
Funding Agency: BC Forest Science Program

Project Title: Canada Research Chair in Forest Entomology and Chemical Ecology
Investigator(s): Huber, D.P.W. (P.I.)
Project Description: A range of projects, centered on investigations of interactions of forest insects with their host trees, are being undertaken.  Projects include characterization of molecular biological, biochemical, and behavioral responses of insects to plant chemicals and aspects of tree chemical production in response to insect herbivory.
Start and End Dates: 2005-2010
Funding Agency: Canada Research Chairs, Canada Foundation for Innovation, British Columbia Knowledge Development Fund

Project Title: Terpenoid Defense in Pines as a Factor Affecting the Eastern Spread of the Mountain Pine Beetle
Investigator(s): Huber, D.P.W. (P.I.), Carroll, A.L. (Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre)
Project Description: The purpose of this project is to identify chemical characteristics indicative of lodgepole pine resistance to mountain pine beetle and then to investigate related aspects of oleoresin chemistry in stands of hybrid lodgepole/jack pine and pure jack pine in northern Alberta, to aid in the prediction of the success of mountain pine beetle populations if they do enter that region.
Start and End Dates: 2006-2008
Funding Agency: Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service

Project Title: Evaluation of wood-water behaviour of lodgepole pine wood chips from mountain pine beetle infected forests based on green, red, and grey attack trees.
Investigator(s): Hartley, I.D. (PI)
Project Description: The wood from lodgepole pine trees killed by the mountain pine beetle has been an issue with some processing operations because of the lower moisture content, including the notion that the wood absorbs vapour and liquid water differently than non-MPB killed lodgepole pine. This study investigates the wood-water interaction using a low field nuclear magnetic resonance equipment from Evalutree laboratory. Wood chips from various "time since death" trees will be examined at different moisture levels.
Start and End Dates: Feb 06, 2006 to August 31, 2006
Funding Agency: Paprican (CFS MPB Initiative)

Project Title: An Ecosystem Approach to Habitat Capability Modeling and Cumulative Effects Management
Investigator(s): K.L. Parker (PI); J. Elliot, BC Ministry of Environment
Project Description: This project is a large-scale ecosystem approach to quantify dynamics of the large mammal predator-prey systems in the Muskwa-Kechika Management Area of northern BC and to provide a baseline against which to monitor changes over time. By combining field-based research, GPS technology, satellite imagery, and GIS, our models will inform land management decisions and conservation area designs.
Start and End Dates: 2001-2006
Funding Agency: Muskwa-Kechika Trust

Project Title: Effects of Dietary N and Lichen on Body Protein Conservation in Reproducing Rangifer.
Investigator(s): K.L. Parker (CoPI); P. Barboza (Co-PI), University of Alaska Fairbanks
Project Description: The primary objective of this project is to assess body condition of caribou and reindeer by monitoring protein stores, with direct implications to reproduction. Understanding the contributions of maternal protein stores (built largely from the fall diet) and spring diets to fetal development will help to forecast the impacts of climate or anthropogenic change on Rangifer systems.
Start and End Dates: 2002-2005
Funding Agency: U.S. National Science Foundation

Project Title: Winter Movement Strategies of Wolves in Relation to Human Activity and Prey Resources.
Investigator(s): K.L. Parker; H. Golden (PI), Alaska Department of Fish and Game
Project Description: This project is quantifying the dynamics among movements of predators (wolves), the prey (moose) distribution, and human use of the same environment (snow machine trails and intensity).
Start and End Dates: 2004-2007
Funding Agency: Alaska Department of Fish and Game

Project Title: Examination of the distribution and severity of past outbreaks of Dothistroma septospora in northwestern B.C. and relationships with past climate.
Investigator(s): Dr. Kathy Lewis (PI), Mr. Alex Woods, MOF, Ms. Cedar Welsh, MSc candidate
Project Description: The main objective of this project is to determine the influence of weather patterns on the extent and nature of current and historic disease severity to understand the spatial and temporal variations of the outbreaks. A second objective is to analyze the distribution of current and past disease outbreaks with respect to changes in host abundance due to forest management.
Start and End Dates: April 2004 - July 2006
Funding Agency: Forest Science Program

Project Title: Genetic diversity of Dothistroma septospora and relationships with toxin production (dothistromin).
Investigator(s): Dr. Kathy Lewis (PI), Dr. Rosie Bradshaw, Massey University, New Zealand, Ms. Angie Dale, MSc candidate
Project Description: The objectives of this study are: 1) to explore the genetic variation of Dothistroma septospora in northwestern British Columbia as it relates to location and environment; 2) to determine if the amount of dothistromin (phytotoxin) produced by strains of D. septosporum correlates to the genetic diversity present within the populations of fungi in northwestern British Columbia; and 3) to determine if the genetic variation and/or relatedness of Dothistroma septospora is comparable or higher in the northwest portion of British Columbia in relation to other parts of the world.
Start and End Dates: April 2004 - June 2006
Funding Agency: Forest Science Program

Project Title: Predicting decay and degrade rates in trees killed by mountain pine beetle
Investigator(s): Kathy Lewis (PI), Ian Hartley, UNBC, Collete Breuil, UBC
Project Description: This project investigates the change in properties of wood quality and quantity over time in standing trees killed by mountain pine beetle. It also investigates stand and tree level variables that are important in fall-down rate of beetle-killed trees, and the specific decay fungi involved in decomposition of wood over time. Tree ring analysis is used to determine the year of death, and morphological and molecular techniques are being used for fungal identification.
Start and End Dates: January 2005 - June 2006
Funding Agency: Mountain Pine Beetle Initiative

Project Title: Using Reconstructed Outbreak Histories of Mountain Pine Beetle, Fire and Climate to Predict the Risk of Future Outbreaks
Investigator(s): Dr. Kathy Lewis (PI), Mr. Doug Thompson, UNBC; Dr. Scott Green, UNBC; Dr. Brad Hawkes, CFS; Dr. René Alfaro, CFS; Dr. Elizabeth Campbell, CFS
Project Description: The purpose of this proposal is to determine the magnitude and synchrony of historical beetle outbreaks in the sub-boreal spruce forests of central B.C., and to relate those with climate factors and changes in fire regimes.
Start and End Dates: April 2006 - March 2009
Funding Agency: Mountain Pine Beetle Initiative

Project Title: Habitat effects on behaviour and reproduction in forest generalist birds
Investigator(s): Ken Otter
Project Description: This research considers the effect of forest age on physiology, behaviour and reproduction in birds classified as 'forest generalists' - those birds that are typically associated with forested habitats, but will breed in forests of varying age. The model species we study are chickadees and small forest owls.  In particular, we are comparing birds breeding in the young forests (20-30 years old) that result during regeneration after land-clearing against birds breeding in more mature forest (at least 80+ years old).  
Start and End Dates: Began in 2000 and is ongoing.
Funding Agency: NSERC Discovery Grant; Canada Foundation for Innovation, BC Knowledge Development Agency, the Vancouver Foundation, Northern Land Use Institute

Project Title: UNBC/Industry/CWS Centre for Wind Energy and the Environment
Investigator(s): Ken Otter (PI) - Research Director; Peter Jackson (PI); Roger Wheate (PI); Eric Rapapport (PI); Brent Murray (PI).  Collaborators - Bob Elner (Canadian Wildlife Service)
Project Description: Wind energy has been proposed as a clean energy source, but conflicts between tall structures (such as wind turbines) and birds and bats continue to pose problems for wind energy development.  In conjunction with the wind energy industry and the Canadian Wildlife, we are setting up multidisciplinary research to better understand migratory and movement patterns of birds and bats, and how this information can be used to reduce conflict between wildlife and wind farms.
Start and End Dates: Initiated in summer of 2005, this will be ongoing research.
Funding Agency: Canadian Wildlife Service (2005-2007)

Project Title: Abnormal migration and premature mortality of Pacific salmon.
Investigator(s): SG Hinch (PI - UBC), AP Farrell (UBC), MC Healey (UBC), G Van Der Kraak (Guelph), JM Shrimpton, S Jones (DFO PBS)
Project Description: In BC, adult Pacific salmon have begun entering rivers earlier than normal, and associated with this is extremely high mortality (>90%) prior to spawning. Our aim is to identify why this phenomenon is happening and determine its immediate and long-term consequences to the sustainability of salmon.
Start and End Dates: April 2003 to March 2008
Funding Agency: NSERC Strategic Projects / Fisheries & Oceans Canada / Pacific Salmon Commission

Project Title: Arctic Grayling population structure and movement patterns in the Williston Watershed.
Investigator(s): JM Shrimpton (PI), AD Clarke (BC MoE)
Project Description: Flooding of the Upper Peace by the Williston Reservoir may be linked to recent declines in grayling abundance. It has been speculated that lower productivity levels and a loss of habitat for juvenile rearing are likely key factors. We have identified habitat use and migration patterns for Arctic grayling using elemental signatures in bone. The results indicated that grayling moved throughout large river systems and into tributaries with distinctive water signatures, but did not move into the reservoir. Lack of movement among populations within a single generation is suggestive of population structure. We are now using genetic analysis to resolve whether there is evidence of gene flow among these river systems in the past.
Start and End Dates: July 2003 to March 2007
Funding Agency: Peace / Williston Fish & Wildlife Compensation Program

Project Title: Endocrine control of smolting in salmon.
Investigator(s): JM Shrimpton (PI)
Project Description: Migratory salmon move from the freshwater environment to the seawater environment as juveniles to exploit the greater productivity of the marine environment. Experiments are defining the role of stress and environmental cues to determine their individual and combined effects on the timing and success of smolting. This information is crucial to the survival and effective management of natural salmon populations because streams are being affected by a wide variety of human activities including, but not limited to, urban development, road construction, forest harvesting, mining, and hydroelectric development.
Start and End Dates: April 2003 to March 2007
Funding Agency: NSERC Discovery Grant

Project Title: Gene expression and performance of triploid chinook salmon.
Investigator(s): DD Heath (PI - UWindsor), JM Shrimpton, A Hubberstey (UWindsor), RH Devlin (DFO West Van)
Project Description: Induced triploidy holds promise as a production strategy for salmon aquaculture in Canada and elsewhere. This project has been designed to determine the short- and long-term feasibility of employing triploid chinook salmon as production stock. The main goals of the proposed research are: 1) to determine the performance of heat- and pressure shock induced triploid chinook salmon relative to diploid control fish, and 2) to determine the impact of triploidy on trait inheritance (quantitative genetics), and 3) to examine the effect of triploidy on gene transcription and expression.
Start and End Dates: April 2003 to March 2006
Funding Agency: NSERC Collaborative Research & Development / Yellow Island Aquaculture Ltd.

Project Title: Ecological Relationships between threatened caribou herds and their habitat in the central Rocky Mountains Ecoregion
Investigator(s): Mike Gillingham, Dale Seip (PI, MoF), Doug Heard (MoE)
Project Description: The objective of this project is to determine the habitat use patterns of threatened woodland caribou herds within the central Rocky Mountains ecoregion. The caribou within this area represent the transition between the mountain ecotype and northern ecotype of woodland caribou. Those two caribou ecotypes have very different habitat requirements, so it is essential to determine which habitat management practices are required for the different herds within the ecoregion. Data on seasonal habitat use and feeding behaviour are being collected by monitoring 30 radio-collared caribou. This work is a collaborative project led by Dale Seip (Ministry of Forests) and Doug Heard (Ministry of Environment) and is the major focus of Elena Jones, an MSc candidate at UNBC.
Start and End Dates: 2004 - 2006
Funding Agency: Forest Science Program Funding

Project Title: Evaluating a structure basis for monitoring biodiversity
Investigator(s): Mike Gillingham
Project Description: This research, which is also the focus of Jennifer Psyllakis, a PhD student at UNBC, is attempting to assess the link between the presence and absence of vertebrate species (amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals) and the habitat structure that we manage and manipulate on the landscape. As land managers, we attempt to maintain vertebrate biodiversity by managing forest structure, but the link to the presence or absence of vertebrate species is not well studied or understood. This research is taking place on Tolko Limited’s Innovative Forestry Practices Agreement (IFPA) area (610,000 ha) in the Cariboo Forest Region of central British Columbia. This area encompasses a wide variety of landscape features and vegetation patterns in interior Douglas-fir, sub-boreal pine-spruce, and sub-boreal spruce biogeoclimatic zones.
Start and End Dates: 2000-2005
Funding Agency: Forest Science Program Funding

Project Title: Promotion of Mountain Caribou Recovery Through Alternate Species Management
Investigator(s): Doug Heard (CoPI) & Mike Gillingham (CoPI)
Project Description: Mountain caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) are endangered across their range and the primary proximate cause of mortality is predation. In the Parsnip study area, mountain caribou select for high-elevation habitats, while moose (Alces alces) densities are highest in valley bottoms and along the Parsnip River plateau. Wolves (Canis lupus) spend most of their time in these valley bottoms, but occasionally make forays to high-elevation areas where caribou are present. The Parsnip Caribou Recovery Project is testing an intermediate-term approach to caribou recovery. By liberalizing moose hunting regulations we are examining whether hunters will reduce moose numbers and decrease the moose population densities, thus supporting a smaller wolf population and reducing the predation impacts on caribou.
Start and End Dates: 2006-2010
Funding Agency: Peace / Williston Fish & Wildlife Compensation Program & Forest Investment Account

Project Title: Examining the Effects of Heliskiing on Mountain Goat Populations
Investigator(s): Mike Gillingham & Doug Heard (CoPI)
Project Description: Studying the effects of helicopter activity on mountain goat behaviour and habitat-use patterns is a high priority for research in BC because of expanding backcountry recreation. Previous research has identified short-term responses of mountain goats to helicopters at various approach distances; however, whether these short-term responses result in longer-term responses, such as habitat selection or range-use changes, is unknown. We are examining these medium-term responses by simultaneously monitoring movements of mountain goats equipped with GPS collars and helicopter activity (also tracked by100-m GPS data) within a heliskiing tenure (and nearby control) in northern BC. Because of the importance of reproductive females to populations, we are focusing on reproductive females. This research will provide insight into determining the disturbance space, (distance at which disturbance causes a reaction in wildlife), often a foundation of regulations governing separation distance between helicopters and wildlife (Wilson and Shackleton 2001). By utilizing GPS collar technology, this project will allow us quantify changes in behaviour at a scale not limited to the perceptual range of the observer, thereby providing information integral in determining a more realistic disturbance space, and thus, more relevant operating guidelines. The results of our work relating will provide information necessary in determining whether helicopter disturbance is an acceptable management risk to mountain goats.
Start and End Dates: 2006-2011
Funding Agency: Habitat Conservation Trust Fund, BC Ministry of Environment

Project Title: Nutrient dynamics in the mycorrhizosphere of Douglas-fir seedlings establishing after the BC wildfires of 2003
Investigator(s): Keith Egger, Lito Arocena, Nabla Kennedy, Melanie Jones (UBC Okanagan), Dan Durall (UBC Okanagan), Suzanne Simard (UBC Vancouver)
Project Description: In 2003 fires burned 13 times more BC forest than in the average year. The 2003 McLure-Barriere wildfire in southern BC coincided with exceptionally low rainfall, and the exceptionally dry soils compounded the effects of the fire. The effects of fire severity on the chemistry and microbial activity in the rhizosphere of Douglas-fir seedlings during regeneration after fire are being studied. Ectomycorrhizal fungi are of particular interest, as they form symbiotic associations with seedling roots, allowing access to greater volumes of soil and a wider range of nutrients than can be acquired by roots alone. Wildfires are known to alter the species composition of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Ectomycorrhizal roots are being studied in-situ using a plexiglass root window system, allowing integration of several factors on the same spatial grid: a) identity of the fungal symbiont; b) presence of prokaryotic genes involved in N-cycling; c) activity of nutrient-mobilizing enzymes; and d) rhizosphere chemistry and mineralogy. Using this approach will increase our understanding of Douglas-fir regeneration after natural disturbance.
Start and End Dates: April 2004 - March 2007
Funding Agency: NSERC Special Research Opportunity

Project Title: Examine the effectiveness of communications for forest health management in Mount Robson and Jackman Flats Provincial Parks in British Columbia and in the Robson Valley in general
Investigator(s): Pamela Wright
Project Description: Mount Robson and Jackman Flats Provincial Parks provides a unique opportunity to examine community understanding and perceptions of forest health management practices within provincial parks. Study objectives include: - To determine community knowledge and understanding about forest health management practices in Mt Robson and Jackman Flats; - To determine knowledge and understanding of the underlying principles and forest management practices in Mt. Robson and Jackman Flats; - To explore community perceptions of the appropriateness of these management actions; and - To identify effectiveness of communication approaches in increasing community understanding and positive perceptions of forest health management in Mt. Robson and Jackman Flats.
Start and End Dates: December 15, 2005 - May 2007
Funding Agency: BC Ministry of Environment/Environmental Stewardship Division/Omineca Region and BC Forest Investment Accounts

Project Title: Reproductive effort and success in birds
Investigator(s): Russ Dawson (P.I.)
Project Description: Processes operating during the breeding cycle are especially important for influencing the fitness of organisms, and this research is geared towards identifying these factors using appropriate avian species as models. Specifically, this research addresses the importance of choosing an appropriate mate, allocation of energy, nutrients and other resources to eggs, and incubation of the clutch. In addition, this project is investigating how parent birds expend energy provisioning offspring, and whether certain offspring receive preferential investment over others.
Start and End Dates: Began in 2001 and is on-going
Funding Agency: NSERC

Project Title: Assessment of post-beetle impacts on natural regeneration of lodgepole pine
Investigator(s): Dr. Keith Egger (PI), Dr. Joselito Arocena, Dr. Hugues Massicotte, Dr. Scott Green
Project Description: The Mountain Pine Beetle (MPB) infestation has reached epidemic levels in the lodgepole pine forests of the B.C. interior, killing millions of hectares of mature forest and potentially diminishing or eliminating the fungi colonizing the roots. The research team is examining regeneration processes in MPB-killed stands (in both burned and unburned conditions) to identify potential limitations and problems in the reforestation of the disturbed sites. This study seeks to link both aboveground processes (e.g., seedling survival and growth) and belowground processes (e.g., root development and seedling colonization by ectomycorrhizas). Insights from this project will aid in establishing treatment guidelines to maximize seedling regeneration.
Start and End Dates: October 2004 - March 2007
Funding Agency: Mountain Pine Beetle Initiative

Project Title: Predicting the growth responses to climate change among co-occurring, ecologically distinct tree species in B.C. and Yukon
Investigator(s): Dr. Scott Green (PI), Dr. Greg O’Neill, B.C. MoF, Dr. David Spittlehouse, B.C. MoF
Project Description: Tree sensitivity to climate variation among tree species will not be uniform. Some species will likely be favoured under different warming (or cooling) scenarios, which will result in shifts in abundance, dominance and productivity among co-occurring tree species. Other species will express maladaptive responses. Such differences may have significant implications for management decisions about preferable/acceptable species for reforestation, seedlot transfer, tree breeding zones and harvesting quotas. The study proposed here will address this critical knowledge gap by comparing annual tree growth responses to historic climate variation among mature populations of major co-occurring, ecologically distinct species across a range of environmental conditions the central interior of B.C.
Start and End Dates: April 2005 - March 2007
Funding Agency: B.C. Forest Science Program

Project Title: Qualitative and quantitative properties of woody resources for insects
Investigator(s): BS Lindgren (PI)
Project Description: An examination of properties of dead and living wood in relation to use by xylophagous and wood-inhabiting insects. These funds support a broad range of activities relating to the overall research program in my lab.
Start and End Dates: April 1, 2001 - March 31, 2006
Funding Agency: NSERC (Discovery Grant)

Project Title: Population studies of the western conifer seed bug using mark-release-recapture.
Investigator(s): Lindgren, BS, T. Richardson and WB Strong
Project Description: Using mark-release-recapture methods, we will: determine spring immigration patterns; Natural population dynamics in a seed orchard; Determine factors influencing within-orchard dispersal and host selection by collecting data from a selected set of cones from favoured and unfavoured clones in both spruce and pine; Estimate absolute population abundance; Determine re-invasion rates and dispersal into a sprayed orchard
Start and End Dates: May 2008-August 2010
Funding Agency: BC Ministry of Forests and Range, Forest Genetics Council, Pest Management Technical Advisory Committee

Project Title: Effect of ants on ground beetles
Investigator(s): Lindgren, BS, K. Schotzko
Project Description: Using pitfall trapping and behavioral bioassays, we will examine how different species of ground beetles are affected by the presence of ants. This project will try to determine mechanisms for effects observed in another project, where ants significantly affected the activity-abundance of a majority of ground beetles.
Start and End Dates: May 2008 - August 2010
Funding Agency: n/a

Project Title: A comparison of three bioindicator approaches for assessing ecosystem resilience in coastal forests
Investigator(s): Lindgren, BS, S. Henderson, and M. Todd.
Project Description: Ground arthropods are captured using pitfall traps as part of the umbrella project Coast Region Experimental Arthropod Project (CREAP). We are comparing the resolution and precision in using a taxonomic approach (ground beetles only), morphospecies or "recognizable taxonomic unit" approach, or a functional group approach, to detect effects of harvesting treatments.
Start and End Dates: May 2008 - August 2010
Funding Agency: BC Ministry of Forests and Range


Societal Structures and Values

Project Title: Prince George Sustainable Landscaping Initiative.
Investigator(s): Annie L. Booth (PI), Eric K. Rapaport (PI), Michael Rutherford, Jane Young, Mark Fercho (Environmental Services, City of Prince George), Terri McClymont (REAPS)
Project Description: This is a research coalition between UNBC, the City of Prince George, BC, and the Recycling and Environmental Action Planning Society, the Prince George Regional Corrections Centre, the Prince George Youth Custody Centre and several community and provincial partners. The project involves trialing northern sustainable landscaping initiatives, converting approximately 30 acres as a pilot project and demonstrating environmental, social and economic benefits as well as measuring public responses. The results will be shared with other northern, resource dependent communities within BC and Alberta.
Start and End Dates: 2005 - 2009
Funding Agency: Vancouver Foundation, Real Estate Foundation of BC, City of Prince George, UNBC, BC Ministry of Transportation, Green Streets (Tree Canada Foundation), Prince George Regional Corrections Centre

Project Title: Community-Based Monitoring: Indigenous Perspectives on Environmental Health, Change and Sustainability in the Sub-boreal Forest
Investigator(s): Erin Sherry (PI), Chris Johnson (PI), Sue Grainger (PI; John Prince Research Forest), Dexter Hodder (PI; John Prince Research Forest), Bev Leon (PI; Tl'azt'en Nation), Deanna Yim (MNRES Student)
Project Description: UNBC researchers and the Tl’azt’en Nation are partnering to establishing a community-based environmental monitoring system that will incorporate indigenous knowledge and values with Western scientific knowledge. The objectives of this multi-year project are: 1) to investigate past environmental conditions through multiple sources; 2) to develop and evaluate methods for knowledge co-production in the context of community-based monitoring; 3) to examine contemporary indigenous perspectives on the status and trends of key environmental conditions and to assess their implications for community sustainability; and 4) to examine the efficacy of local-level sustainability indicators. The project ultimately aims to provide a guide to other First Nations and rural, northern communities who wish to establish similar community-based environmental monitoring systems as paths to improved participation and decision-making in resource management and planning processes.
Start and End Dates: September 2006-on
Funding Agency: Tl'azt'en Nation-UNBC SSHRC Community University Research Alliance

Project Title: The Arctic's Interaction with the Global Economy: Defining Sustainable Development as Global->Local Dynamics.
Investigator(s): Debra Straussfogel (PI)
Project Description: This project defines the economic geography of Arctic regions and communities by way of their interactions with the global economy. Vulnerability, resilience and adaptive capacity are defined in this larger context, using the theory and methods of linked social and ecological systems (SES).
Start and End Dates: Jan 06 - ongoing
Funding Agency: Unfunded

Project Title: The Softwood Lumber Agreement as Context for the Effects of Globalization on Resource-Reliant Communities
Investigator(s): Debra Straussfogel (PI)
Project Description: The Softwood Lumber Agreement (SLA) between Canada and the United States highlights again the vulnerability of Canada?s resource-reliant regions to the dynamics of the global economy. Focusing on northern BC, this project posits that the methods used to determine the requirements for industry health and community sustainability in response to the SLA derive from contradictory and competing theoretical premises, and, therefore, can not result in a decrease in the vulnerability of lumber mill communities to the global economy.
Start and End Dates: Jan 06 - ongoing
Funding Agency: Currently unfunded

Project Title: Examining the role of anthropogenic factors in shaping past and current landscapes in Tl’azt’en territory, through qualitative and quantitative methodologies – Project under the Community University Research Alliance
Investigator(s): Dr. Gail Fondahl (PI), Dr. Kathy Lewis, UNBC, Ms. Bev Bird, Tl’azt’en Nation
Project Description: In the drive toward ecosystem-based management, and the quantification of the effects of various types of disturbance on the landscape, we refer to “natural” disturbance processes. What is “natural”? Are people completely absent in order for a landscape to be considered under natural disturbance processes? Or, is it natural as long as the disturbance was created by pre-contact Aboriginal people? This leads to a number of research questions: What influence did aboriginal practices have on the landscape? Are apparent sudden changes in forest structure (e.g. the result of a fire) centred around traditional use areas? What was (is) the philosophy of First Nations people towards influencing the landscape? What scale of influence did they have, spatially and temporally? How important is this historic land-use for discussions on natural disturbance processes and ecosystem-based management? The methods used to address these questions will involve qualitative assessments of oral histories, interviews, photo-documentation etc., and quantitative assessment of disturbance using tree ring analyses (fire scar dating, stand origin dates, and tree release criteria), and carbon-dating of charcoal layers.
Start and End Dates: Sept. 06 - May 09
Funding Agency: SSHRC-CURA

Project Title: BC Protected Areas Research Forum
Investigator(s): Pamela Wright
Project Description: The British Columbia Parks and Protected Areas Research Forum (BCPARF) was established in 2005 with the University of Northern British Columbia acting as the forum’s host and Pam Wright as chair. The goal of BCPARF is to bring together the diverse research community with protected area managers. This project supports the ongoing work of the forum including building a researcher database; conducting a member survey; supporting website development; and providing seed funding for the first annual conference to be held in December of 2006.
Start and End Dates: March 2006 to March 2007
Funding Agency: BC Ministry of Environment/Environmental Stewardship Division

Project Title: Development of a Recreation Assets at Risk Methodology for BC Parks
Investigator(s): Pamela Wright
Project Description: The goal of this project is to undertake initial development of a Recreation Asset Risk Assessment methodology for BC parks and pilot application of the tool in Omineca Region
Start and End Dates: February 2006 to November 2006
Funding Agency: BC Ministry of Environment/Environmental Stewardship Division

Project Title: Identifying and Measuring Recreation and Tourism Values at Risk in Northern British Columbia
Investigator(s): Pamela Wright
Project Description: The purpose of the study is to: a) Identify critical setting characteristics of the Northern tourism/recreation industry; b) Examine the extent to which these recreation and tourism values are at risk; c) Explore the relationship between recreation/tourism and other resources sectors, in particular as a result of: changing forest conditions and harvest practices from Mountain Pine Beetle, climate change, and the expanding oil, gas and mineral sectors; and d) Identify and describe tools and solutions to resolving or reconciling recreation and tourism values with forestry and other resource sectors.
Start and End Dates: March 2006 - December 2006
Funding Agency: BC Real Estate Foundation Partnering Fund

Project Title: Visitor Use Survey for the Berg Lake Area, Mt. Robson Provincial Park.
Investigator(s): Pamela Wright
Project Description: This project is a visitor survey of overnight and day use visitors to the Berg Lake area of Mt. Robson Provincial Park. This information will be used to update the Park management plan and to provide specific guidance and direction from the management of park services and facilities in the Berg Lake area. The survey is intended to address visitor use patterns and preferences for management direction and policies and in particular opinons regarding ecosystem management within the park
Start and End Dates: January 2006 - December 2006
Funding Agency: BC Ministry of Environment/Environmental Stewardship Division/Omineca Region

Project Title: Planning for Amenity Migration in the Bulkley Valley (short title)
Investigator(s): Raymond Chipeniuk with Planners from Regional Districts of Bulkley-Nechako and Kitimat-Stikine, Town of Smithers, Districts of New Hazelton and Houston, Villages of Hazelton and Telkwa, Office of the Wet'suwet'en, and others
Project Description: The project is an evaluation of a case history, the case being an "initiative" in which, with the assistance of the municipalities, I test a series of new "tools" (such as the citizen jury) for their usefulness in planning for amenity migration in mountainous rural districts of British Columbia.
Start and End Dates: The project started in January 2004.  Work under the original grant will end by 2005 December 31.
Funding Agency: Real Estate Foundation of British Columbia Partnering Fund

Project Title: Promoting Sustainable Communities through Participatory Spatial Decision Support
Investigator(s): Rob Feick (PI), U. of Waterloo; Ray Chipeniuk, UNBC; Brent Hall, U of Waterloo; Jacek Malczewski, U. of Western Ontario; Claus Rinner, U. of Toronto; Steve Roberts, Sir WIlfrid Laurier U.; Nigel Waters, U. of Calgary; Roger Wheate
Project Description: The project is intended to develop and then test new spatial decision support tools using freeware available from the Internet.  These tools, based on GIS and other geomatics technologies and using the Internet as a platform, will assist citizens and planners to argue and pursue planning choices from their personal computers, often from locations remote from each other.
Start and End Dates: Start Date 2005 January 1, completion date 2008 July 31 
Funding Agency: Funded by GEOIDE (agency for the Canada Centres of Excellence for Geomatics)

Project Title: Supplement to Planning for Amenity Migration
Investigator(s): Raymond Chipeniuk with Planners from Regional Districts of Bulkley-Nechako and Kitimat-Stikine, Town of Smithers, Districts of New Hazelton and Houston, Villages of Hazelton and Telkwa, Office of the Wet'suwet'en, and others
Project Description: The project is an evaluation of a case history, the case being an "initiative" in which, with the assistance of the municipalities, I test a series of new "tools" (such as the citizen jury) for their usefulness in planning for amenity migration in mountainous rural districts of British Columbia.
Start and End Dates: Start date 2005 September 1, completion date 2006 August 31.
Funding Agency: Funded by the Real Estate Foundation of British Columbia Partnering Fund.

Project Title: Indigenous Territorial Rights in the Russian Federation: A Quarter Century Onward
Investigator(s): Gail Fondahl (PI), Donatas Brandisauskas (Vilnius University), Viktoriya Filippova (Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Humanities and the Study of Northern Indigenous Peoples’ Issues, Yakutsk, Russian Federation), Aytalina Ivanovna (Northeastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russian Federation), Antonina Savinnova (Northeastern Federal University), and Florian Stammler (University of Lapland, Finland)
Project Description: With the fall of the Soviet Union and the establishment of the Russian Federation, a suite of legal acts guiding indigenous rights to land and resources has been adopted, at both the federal and sub-federal level.  The laws have authorized land to be transferred to indigenous communities, established the possibility (in theory) for large tracts to be set aside from industrial encroachment, and required the consideration of cultural as well as environmental impacts in reviewing proposals for new resource extraction projects. This research examines how the written form of law are produced, how laws are invoked, interpreted and implemented in place and time by indigenous persons and groups, and how those who seek to benefit from laws' alleged protections evaluate their efficacy.  The persistence of customary law and its articulations with formal state law will also be examined. The study area covers southern Sakha Republic (Yaktutia), northern Zabaykalskiy Kray and Amur Oblast, homelands of the Evenki (indigenous) people.  It includes areas under intense industrial development and areas still removed from such influences.
Start and End Dates: 2016-2020
Funding Agency: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC)


Earth Systems and Dynamics

Project Title: Landslide Hazard Assessment (Nahanni National Park)
Investigator(s): Menounos, B.
Project Description: As part of the Government of Canada's Action Plan to Protect Canada's Natural Heritage, and in keeping with the Memorandum of Understanding between Parks Canada and the Dehcho First Nations, Parks Canada is working on a feasibility study relating to the proposed expansion of Nahanni National Park Reserve, in the Northwest Territories. The area of interest for the Nahanni National Park expansion (NNPE) includes terrain that is unstable. Preliminary research suggests that the total number of landslides in the NNPE may exceed 1000. A detailed landslide inventory is necessary to evaluate and assess the threat from future landslide hazards in the NNPE. Parks Canada requires a compilation, review, assessment and recommendation of current landslide hazards in the NNPE and how landslide activity may have responded under recent climate or natural environmental changes. This information will be suitable for presentation to the public, and will serve to aid decision-making about the future boundaries of Nahanni National Park Reserve.
Start and End Dates: 1 July 2005 to 1 July 2006
Funding Agency: Parks Canada

Project Title: Northern Sedimentary Archives and Environmental Change Infrastruture Request
Investigator(s): Menounos, B. and Sanborn, P.
Project Description: Studies of the response of Canadian ecosystems to natural disturbance are in their infancy, yet this region faces important challenges in understanding and adapting to this important dimension of environmental change. Present and future global climate change is anticipated to alter the hydrologic cycle and will likely affect the severity and frequency of natural disturbances such as forest fires, extreme runoff events, slope failures, forest insect outbreaks, and alter the distribution of permafrost and glaciers. Extending the short and spatially discontinuous instrumental record is one means of detailing the inherent variability in natural disturbance, a pre-requisite of assessing the likely impacts of future environmental change. Lakes, natural depressions, and soils accumulate clastic and organic materials preserving evidence of past disturbance. Western Canada currently lacks facilities to detail the micro-stratigraphy of these important sedimentary archives. We propose to exploit these natural sedimentary archives – paleosols and surface soil sequences, lake sediments, and sedimentary exposures – to better understand how environments in central interior and northern BC, and adjacent regions of northwestern Canada, have responded to natural disturbances and environmental change over a range of time scales. We plan to develop a suite of paleoenvironmental indicators to detail natural disturbance over the past 5 million years employing low resolution records (soils and sedimentary exposures) and those with event to annual time scale resolution covering the past 1000 years (annually-laminated lake sediment records).
Start and End Dates: 1 January 2004 to 1 January 20098
Funding Agency: Canada Foundation for Innovation

Project Title: Spatial and Temporal Pattern of Past Runoff Events: Canadian Cordillera Varve Network
Investigator(s): Menounos, B.
Project Description: The relation between climate variability and surface runoff remains poorly understood. This deficit is particularly severe in western Canada where the length of instrumental records is short and monitoring sites are sparsely distributed. Yet there is urgency to determine how future climate change will affect the hydrologic cycle. Potential loss of life and property values caused by flooding or landsliding and the need to characterize hydrologic regimes for fisheries management, hydro-electric power generation, and domestic water-supply drive the need for better predictive capabilities. To circumvent the limitations of the instrumental records and modeling difficulties, I propose to develop a set of probable trajectories of future hydrologic events based on past conditions. Lakes and their sediments represent widely-distributed repositories of past hydrologic processes. I will develop a suite of hydrologic proxies from annually-laminated (varved) lake sediments common to the Canadian Cordillera. Evidence of floods, periods of sustained glacier runoff, and streamflow variability is commonly preserved as distinctive sediment layers of these annual deposits. I will use the varved sediment records to test the spatial and temporal concordance of hydrologic events and their relation to regional temperature and precipitation patterns, and the relation between regional lake sedimentation trends and inter-annual to inter-decadal climate variability. The research is innovative because it will use a network of varve chronologies distributed throughout the major hydrologic regimes of western Canada to test these relations. My research will improve our understanding of hydrologic processes over the past 1000 years by elucidating past runoff variability and its relation to climate change. Anticipated benefits include opportunities to train highly qualified personnel, a collection of empirical data to improve physically-based hydrologic modeling, and refinement of methodologies used in climate-change detection and analysis studies.
Start and End Dates: 15 April 2004 to 15 April 2009
Funding Agency: NSERC

Project Title: Western Canadian Cryospheric Network
Investigator(s): Menounos, B. and 10 others
Project Description: Climate dynamics in the eastern Pacific equatorial regions, the North Pacific, and the arctic affect temperature and precipitation patterns in North America, but the degree to which these processes interact with regional-scale topography and influence inter-annual to inter-decadal climate variability in western Canada is uncertain. This knowledge gap is exacerbated by prominent low frequency variability in the climate system which is difficult to characterize with instrumental records that are sparse in both time and space. General circulation models that predict temperature changes in response to projected changes in radiative forcing (e.g. 2 x CO2) indicate that high elevations and high latitudes will experience the largest temperature increases in this century. Existing and proposed networks of meteorological stations are inadequate for effective sampling of these climatically-sensitive environments of western Canada. Glaciers constitute a well-distributed and long-term meteorological array that integrates winter snowfall and annual temperatures at thousands of sites in western Canada. Their high elevation makes them valuable repositories of tropospheric climate variability and hence, sensitive indicators of climate change. The proposed research will provide detailed knowledge of local-to-hemispheric climate variability over the last 400 years by determining the climate signal preserved in glaciers, glacier deposits, and trees living close to glacier margins. Physically-based models will be developed to simulate the response of glaciers to climate change. Canada also needs to understand how climate variability controls glacier nourishment since glaciers represent one of Canada’s important natural resources. Covering an area exceeding 100,000 km2 in British Columbia alone, glaciers serve as frozen reservoirs of water that supplement runoff in summer and early autumn during periods of low flow. Power generation in British Columbia depends on glacier and snowmelt runoff while maintenance of stream and river flows by glacier runoff is essential in sustaining aquatic ecosystems. Yet, the magnitude of 20th century glacier recession in British Columbia has no recent precedent. Information on the relationship between climate and surface runoff is urgently required for planning and to develop sound policy relating to the supply of freshwater for human consumption, agricultural, and industrial use and to the future availability of hydroelectrically-generated energy. The main component of projected global sea level rise over the next century is associated with the recession of mountain glaciers such as those of the Canadian Cordillera. The aim of the Western Canadian Cryospheric Network (WC2N) is to understand the behaviour of the climate system and its effects on glacier mass balance in the mountain ranges of British Columbia and western Alberta. Over the next five years, WC2N will: (IA) use historical and contemporary datasets and satellite imagery to establish past and present glacier extent over the past 400 years; (IB) document present and past North Pacific climate variability; (II) detail contemporary meteorological and climate processes and their importance for glacier nourishment; and (III) model changes in glacier cover and glacier runoff based on possible future climates. We seek to align this research, without duplication, with other proposed and ongoing cryospheric research and monitoring networks in Canada and elsewhere. Taken together, these networks and the resultant synergies will yield a nationwide assessment of the past, present, and future response of Canadian glaciers to changing climates.
Start and End Dates: 1 January 2006 to 1 January 1010
Funding Agency: Canadian Foundation for Climate and Atmospheric Sciences

Project Title: Bioavailability and Biodegradation of Organic Compounds in Soils
Investigator(s): Rutherford, P.M. (PI)
Project Description: This project focuses on the factors that control the biodegradation of organic contaminants, such as petroleum hydrocarbons, in industrially-contaminated soils. The role of plants (phytoremediation), mycorrhizal fungi and organic waste amendments (eg. co-composting biosolids with hydrocarbon-contaminated soil) on biodegradative processes are being investigated.
Start and End Dates: 2002-2006
Funding Agency: NSERC Discovery Grant

Project Title: Genesis and geochemistry of soils in the unglaciated areas of the west-central Yukon
Investigator(s): Paul Sanborn (PI), Jeff Bond (Yukon Geological Survey) and Scott Smith (Agriculture Canada)
Project Description: We are studying the properties of soils formed on weathered bedrock in the unglaciated area of the west-central Yukon in order to develop better guidelines for sampling soils for geochemical analysis during mineral exploration.
Start and End Dates: Ongoing
Funding Agency: Yukon Geological Survey

Project Title: Ice-age soils of the Klondike goldfields
Investigator(s): Paul Sanborn (PI), Duane Froese (University of Alberta), Grant Zazula (Simon Fraser), John Westgate (University of Toronto), Scott Smith (Agriculture Canada)
Project Description: We are studying buried paleosols as part of a multi-disciplinary study of environmental conditions during full-glacial periods in the unglaciated Klondike goldfields of the west-central Yukon.  
Start and End Dates: 2005-2011
Funding Agency: NSERC

Project Title: Rehabilitation of petroleum wellsites
Investigator(s): Paul Sanborn (PI), Chuck Bulmer (Ministry of Forests)
Project Description: We are testing the effectiveness of methods for restoring productivity to abandoned wellsites in northeastern BC in order to allow successful reforestation.  This work is an application of the techniques that we’ve developed over the past decade in dealing with similar degraded soils created during forest harvesting operations.
Start and End Dates: 2004-2008
Funding Agency: BC Oil and Gas Commission

Project Title: Soil nutrient budgets in intensive forest fertilization regimes
Investigator(s): Paul Sanborn (PI), Rob Brockley (Ministry of Forests)
Project Description: This is part of a long-term study of conifer responses to intensive fertilization regimes. Our 2005 work involved re-sampling of soils at treatment plots in the Bowron River valley where fertilizers have been applied periodically to a lodgepole pine stand since 1994.
Start and End Dates: Completed
Funding Agency: Forest Science Program (via Ministry of Forests)

Project Title: Stable isotope tracing of sulphur fertilizers in lodgepole pine stands
Investigator(s): Paul Sanborn (PI), Rob Brockley (Ministry of Forests), Bernhard Mayer (University of Calgary)
Project Description: Forest soils in the BC central interior are very deficient in sulphur, so we are using stable isotope tracer methods to understand the transformations and fate of applied S fertilizers at sites near Fraser Lake and in the Bowron River valley. The stand at one of the study sites was destroyed by mountain pine beetle, so the project will not be completed as planned, but partial results are being written up.
Start and End Dates: Ongoing
Funding Agency: Forest Science Program

Project Title: Soil formation and glacial history, central Yukon
Investigator(s): Paul Sanborn (co-PI), John Clague (co-PI)(SFU/UNBC), Jeff Bond (Yukon Geological Survey), Scott Smith (Agriculture Canada)
Project Description: We are testing, in a new area, the applicability of concepts of soil formation developed for central Yukon in the 1980s.
Start and End Dates: 2008-2010
Funding Agency: Yukon Geological Survey, NSERC, Northern Research Institute, Geological Society of America

Project Title: Holocene soil and vegetation chronosequence, Naikoon Provincial Park, Haida Gwaii
Investigator(s): Paul Sanborn, Hugues Massicotte, Ian Walker (Uvic), and Stephen Wolfe (Geological Survey of Canada)
Project Description: New radiocarbon and optical dates have confirmed that coastal landforms on northeastern Graham Island provide opportunities for studying soil formation and ecosystem development for much of post-glacial time. We examined soils and plant communities at some of these sites in June 2009 and are planning follow-up studies.
Start and End Dates: Ongoing
Funding Agency: UNBC Seed Grant, NSERC

Project Title: An Air Quality Modelling Study in Prince George
Investigator(s): Peter Jackson with the Prince George Air Quality Research Working Group (Dave Sutherland and Dennis Fudge, BC Ministry of Environment; Gina Layte, City of Prince George; Glenda Waddell and Ron Fujino, Canfor; Lorna Medd, Northern Health)
Project Description: We will create an emission inventory and then model the emission, transport and dispersion of air pollutants in the Prince George airshed. The results of the modelling will lead to a better understanding of the relative contributions of each source and the identification of sources that are most cost-effective and practical to reduce to effect the greatest improvement in ambient air quality
Start and End Dates: 2006-2007
Funding Agency: Environment Canada, City of Prince George, Canfor, Northern Health

Project Title: Atmospheric Flows over Complex Terrain
Investigator(s): Peter Jackson
Project Description: Basic research on modelling and measuring windflow and weather over areas of complex terrain aimed at understanding phenomena like: atmospheric transport and dispersion of pollutants and forest insects, the role of the wind and its interaction with the landscape in causing windthrown trees, etc.
Start and End Dates: 2002-2006
Funding Agency: NSERC Discovery Grant

Project Title: Coarse Fraction Particulate Matter composition, sources and meteorology in BC
Investigator(s): Peter Jackson, Mark Graham, BC Ministry of Environment
Project Description: Particulate matter between 2.5 and 10 um in diameter is being sampled in Prince George and Kelowna on a 3 day 24 hour average sampling schedule. The filters are analysed and the chemical species used to reconstruct the sources of particulate matter in these two communities.
Start and End Dates: 2005-2007
Funding Agency: Funded by Environment Canada

Project Title: Modelling of Mountain Pine Beetle Transport and Dispersion using Atmospheric Models
Investigator(s): Peter Jackson, Staffan Lindgren, J.D. Ackerman (Guelph)
Project Description: We are using atmospheric models to understand the long-range transport of Mountain Pine Beetles by the wind. To do this, we have identified the synoptic weather conditions under which MPB emerge and fly, we have sampled MPB using an aircraft to verify that they are being transported by the wind well above the tree canopy, and we have initiated a series of simulations of beetle flight events to delineate patterns of transport.
Start and End Dates: 2003 - 2006
Funding Agency: NRCan Mountain Pine Beetle Initiative

Project Title: Particulate Matter Study in Golden, BC
Investigator(s): Peter Jackson with Tyler Abel (MSc NRES-Environmental Science graduate student)
Project Description: Using field observations and air pollution dispersion models, the study will lead to understanding of the factors behind episodes of poor air quality in Goldon, B.C.
Start and End Dates: 2005-2007
Funding Agency: BC Ministry of Environment and the Canadian Petroleum Producers Association, Clear Air Research Fund