Forest Ecology & Management (BSc Program)

Kathy Lewis, Professor and Chair
Annie Booth, Professor
Philip Burton, Professor
Mark Dale, Professor
Arthur Fredeen, Professor
Ian Hartley, Professor
Dezene Huber, Professor
Chris Johnson, Professor
Staffan Lindgren, Professor Emeritus
Hugues Massicotte, Professor
William McGill, Professor
Chris Opio, Professor
Ken Otter, Professor
Ché Elkin, Associate Professor, and FRBC/Slocan Mixed Wood Ecology Chair (Ecosystem Science and Management)
Scott Green, Associate Professor
Brent Murray, Associate Professor
Lisa Poirier, Associate Professor
Paul Sanborn, Associate Professor
Oscar Venter, Associate Professor, and Forest Renewal BC Endowed Chair in Growth and Yield and Forest Valuations
Lisa Wood, Assistant Professor
Marten Geertsema, Adjunct Professor
Katherine Parker, Adjunct Professor, and Ian McTaggart Cowan Muskwa Kechika Research Professor
John Pousette, Adjunct Professor
Jeanne Robert, Adjunct Professor
Willard Strong, Adjunct Professor
Mark Thompson, Adjunct Professor
Jenia Blair, Senior Lab Instructor
Saphida Migabo, Senior Lab Instructor
Roy Rea, Senior Lab Instructor

The Forest Ecology and Management degree provides students with a thorough understanding of the science, philosophy, and practice of managing forested ecosystems. Through study and active
learning experiences, students obtain a consistent and broad background in course work that encompasses foundational and integrative topics. Given the range of knowledge and expertise
needed to effectively manage and conserve forested ecosystems, students are provided an opportunity to select a minor and pursue a specialisation consistent with the overall objectives of
the degree. Although the degree is designed to expose students to contemporary knowledge and techniques drawn from a variety of disciplines in the natural and social sciences, students are
encouraged to challenge conventional knowledge paradigms and approaches to forest management.The Forest Ecology and Management degree is accredited by the Canadian Forestry
Accreditation Board and meets certification requirements for the Association of BC Forest Professionals. The University has two research forests (Aleza Lake Research Forest, John Prince
Research Forest) available to students in this program.

Undergraduate students are required to take a total of 96 credit hours of program core courses in addition to a qualified minor as outlined below.


The minimum requirement for completion of a Bachelor of Science with a major in Forestry is 123 credit hours.

Program Requirements

Lower Division Requirement

100 Level


BIOL 103-3 Introductory Biology I
BIOL 104-3 Introductory Biology II
BIOL 123-1 Introductory Biology I Laboratory
BIOL 124-1 Introductory Biology II Laboratory
CHEM 100-3 General Chemistry I
CHEM 101-3 General Chemistry II
CHEM 120-1 General Chemistry Lab I
CHEM 121-1 General Chemistry Lab II
ECON 100-3 Microeconomics
MATH 152-3 Calculus for Non-majors
NREM 100-3* Field Skills
NREM 101-3 Introduction to Natural Resource Management and Conservation
NRES 100-3 Communications in Natural Resources and Environmental Studies

*Note:  Applications for exemption from NREM 100-3 must be made within the first year of study in this degree.

200 Level

BIOL 201-3 Ecology
ENSC 201-3 Weather and Climate
FSTY 201-3 Forest Plant Systems
FSTY 205-3 Introduction to Soil Science
FSTY 207-1 Terrestrial Ecological Classification
FSTY 209-4 Forest Biology and Silvics
GEOG 205-3 Cartography and Geomatics
or GEOG 300-3 Geographical Information Systems
GEOG 210-3 Introduction to Earth Science
NREM 203-3 Resource Inventories and Measurements
STAT 240-3 Basic Statistics

Upper Division Requirement

300 Level

ENVS 326-3 Natural Resources, Environmental Issues and Public Engagement
FSTY 305-4 Silviculture
FSTY 307-3 Disturbance Ecology and Forest Health
FSTY 310-3 Forest Economics
or NREM 306-3 Society, Policy and Administration
FSTY 317-1 Forest Disturbance Agents
NREM 303-3 Aboriginal Perspectives to Resource Management
NREM 333-3 Field Applications in Resource Management

400 Level

ENVS 414-3 Environmental and Professional Ethics
FSTY 405-3 Forest Ecosystem Modelling
FSTY 408-3 Forest Practices and Management
NREM 400-4 Natural Resources Planning
NRES 421-1 Professional Writing
   and NRES 422-2 Undergraduate Report
or NRES 430-6 Undergraduate Thesis

Minor Requirement Associated With the Forest Ecology and Management Degree

Forest Ecology and Management students are required to complete a minor as part of their degree. The eligible minors will allow students to gain a solid foundation in numerous specialized areas of forest management.

Eligible minors include: 

Minors have different credit hour requirements, but for all minors 12 credit hours must be at the upper division (i.e., 300 or 400 level). Students must ensure that all prerequisite courses have been completed for elective choices in each minor. Beyond the specific minor requirements, students must complete elective credit hours as necessary to ensure completion of a minimum of 123 credit hours.

BSc Honours-Forest Ecology and Management

The Honours in Forest Ecology and Management offers students a higher level of education and research experience for proceeding to post graduate studies. Honours students are required to complete the degree requirements for the BSc Natural Resources Management (Forest Ecology and Management Major). In addition, required hours of elective credits must be at the 300 or 400 level and each student must complete a 6 credit-hour research thesis under the supervision of a faculty member.

Entry into the Honours Program takes place after the completion of 60 credit hours and requires a minimum Cumulative GPA of 3.33.  Attaining the minimum requirement does not guarantee entry into the Honours Program, which is at the discretion of the Ecosystem Science and Management Program.  Maintenance of a Cumulative GPA of 3.33 is required to remain in the Honours Program.

Elective credit hours are determined to be the number of credit hours needed to ensure completion of a minimum of 123 credit hour, not including thesis. 

NOTE: Students are responsible for finding their own undergraduate thesis research supervisor. Faculty members are under no obligation to supervise Honours students.

Minor in Forest Recreation

The minor in Forest Recreation provides natural resource management students and others with an opportunity to gain a foundation and expertise in the specialized aspects of forest recreation while pursuing another major. This minor requires students to take a total of 18 credit hours. The minor includes three required courses foundational to the field of Forest Recreation (9 credit hours) and a set of elective courses (minimum of 9 credit hours).

Required Courses

ORTM 100-3 Foundations of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism
ORTM 200-3 Sustainable Recreation and Tourism
ORTM 300-3  Recreation and Tourism Impacts

Elective Courses

Nine credit hours from the following list with a minimum of 3 credit hours at the 400 level:
ORTM 202-3 Ecotourism and Adventure Tourism
ORTM 305-3 Protected Area Planning and Management
ORTM 306-3 Indigenous Tourism and Recreation
ORTM 400-3 Conservation Area Design and Management
ORTM 407-3 Recreation, Tourism and Communities
ORTM 409-3 Critical Approaches to Outdoor Recreation Activities
ORTM 498-(1-3) Special Topics
ORTM 499-(1-6)  Independent Study

A maximum of two courses (6 credit hours) used to fulfill program requirements for a major (or another minor) may also be used to fulfill requirements for this minor.


Minor in Natural Resources Planning and Operations

The Natural Resources Planning and Operations minor is designed for students primarily interested in planning and operations (and their governing policies) related to the management of forested and non forested lands. Students will learn about natural resource policy, forest-management planning and operations, environmental impacts of management practices, forest productivity and timber supply, and resource sustainability along with current computerbased management tools. It is strongly recommended that students taking this minor have a background in forest ecology and management. The minor in Natural Resources Planning and Operations requires the completion of 19 credit hours, of which 12 credit hours must be upper-division (i.e., 300-or 400-level). Courses used to fulfill major requirements may not be applied toward the minor in Forest Planning and Operations. Students must ensure that all prerequisites are fulfilled prior to registering in any course.

Required Courses

NREM 210-4 Integrated Resource Management
FSTY 403-3 Timber Harvest Planning and Operations

Four of the following courses (with no more than two courses from any single program [e.g., ENPL]):
BIOL 325-3 Ecological Analyses
BIOL 413-3 Wildlife Management
ECON 305-3 Environmental Economics and Environmental Policy
ECON 411-3 Cost-Benefit Analysis
ENPL 204-3 Principles and Practices of Planning
ENPL 303-3 Spatial Planning with Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
ENPL 304-3 Mediation, Negotiation and Public Participation
ENPL 305-3 Environmental Impact Assessment
ENPL 410-3 Land Use Planning
ENPL 411-3 Planning Theory, Process and Implementation
ENVS 326-3 Natural Resources, Environmental Issues and Public Engagement
FSTY 310-3 Forest Economics
FSTY 405-3 Forest Ecosystem Modelling
FSTY 407-3 Forest Products
FSTY 415-3 Forest Soils
GEOG 413-3 Advanced GIS
NREM 306-3 Society, Policy and Administration
NREM 410-3 Watershed Management
NREM 413-3 Agroforestry