Staffan Lindgren, Professor Emeritus

Kathy Lewis, Professor and Chair
Philip Burton, Professor
Darwyn Coxson, Professor
Russell Dawson, Professor
Keith Egger, Professor
Art Fredeen, Professor
Michael Gillingham, Professor
Dezene Huber, Professor
Chris Johnson, Professor
Hugues Massicotte, Professor
William McGill, Professor
Ken Otter, Professor
Katherine Parker, Professor, and Ian McTaggart Cowan Muskwa Kechika Research Chair
Mark Shrimpton, Professor
Scott Green, Associate Professor
Brent Murray, Associate Professor
Lisa Poirier, Assistant Professor
Lisa Wood, Assistant Professor
Jane Young, Assistant Professor
Bryan Bogdanski, Adjunct Professor
Carla Burton, Adjunct Professor
Allan Costello, Adjunct Professor
Doug Heard, Adjunct Professor
Katherine Stewart, Adjunct Professor
Jenia Blair, Senior Lab Instructor
Saphida Migabo, Senior Lab Instructor
Roy Rea, Senior Lab Instructor


The Bachelor of Science in Biology is a broadly based undergraduate program in biology that is designed to present the major concepts of contemporary biology at the molecular, cellular, organismic, population and community levels. The degree is designed to have sufficient flexibility for the student to follow interests ranging from microbial to plant to fish or wildlife biology. Capitalizing on the northern setting of the University, there is an emphasis on northern flora and fauna, morphological, biochemical, physiological and behavioural modifications to temperate and arctic conditions and the dynamics of microbial, plant and animal populations in northern ecosystems.

Major in Biology

The major in Biology requires students to take at least 65 credit hours of biology-oriented courses, of which 42 credit hours must be upper division (i.e., 300 or 400 level). Note:  NRES 430-6 can count as up to six credit hours toward this requirement (with permission of the Biology Program Chair).

The minimum requirement for the completion of a Bachelor of Science with a major in Biology is 126 credit hours.

Program Requirements

Lower Division Requirement

100 Level

BIOL 103-3Introductory Biology I
BIOL 104-3Introductory Biology II
BIOL 123-1Introductory Biology I Laboratory
BIOL 124-1Introductory Biology II Laboratory
CHEM 100-3General Chemistry I
CHEM 101-3General Chemistry II
CHEM 120-1General Chemistry Lab I
CHEM 121-1General Chemistry Lab II
NRES 100-3Communications in Natural Resources and Environmental Studies
or ENGL 170-3Writing and Communication Skills
MATH 152-3Calculus for Non-majors
Calculus I 
PHYS 100-4Introduction to Physics
Introductory Physics I:  Mechanics 
Introduction to Physics I
Introductory Physics II:  Waves & Electricity 

*Recommended:  MATH 101-3 Calculus II

Students who are interested in pursuing professional programs should contact the program advisor regarding the correct course sequences required for individual programs.

200 Level
BIOL 201-3Ecology
Invertebrate Zoology
Plant Biology
BIOL 210-3Genetics
CHEM 201-3Organic Chemistry I
CHEM 203-3Organic Chemistry II
CHEM 204-3Introductory Biochemistry
Basic Statistics 

Students must also take 6 additional credit hours of courses at the 200 level or above. Students are encouraged to explore a diversity of courses during their undergraduate biology education. While biology content is not specifically required, biology students may find relevant courses among the following prefixes: ANTH, BCMB, CHEM, ENPL, ENSC, ENVS, FNST, FSTY, GEOG, HHSC, INTS, NOLS, NREM, NORS, ORTM, PHIL, PHYS, POLS, PSYC, and STAT.

It is recommended that students consult with a Student Advisor in terms of their interests and the content of various courses.

Upper Division Requirement

300 Level
BIOL 311-3Cell and Molecular Biology
BIOL 323-3Evolutionary Biology
BIOL 325-3Ecological Analyses

One of:
BIOL 304-3Plants, Society and the Environment
BIOL 321-3Animal Physiology

Two of:
BIOL 301-3Systematic Botany
BIOL 307-3Ichthyology and Herpetology
BIOL 308-3Ornithology and Mammalogy
 Fungi and Lichens

400 Level
BIOL 410-3Population and Community Ecology
BIOL 411-3Conservation Biology

One of:
BIOL 404-3Plant Ecology
BIOL 406-3Fish Ecology
BIOL 412-3Wildlife Ecology

Subject Requirements

Fifteen additional credit hours chosen from the following, of which at least 6 credit hours must be at the 400 level:

Any 300 or 400 level BIOL courses
ENSC 406-3Environmental  Modelling
FSTY 307-3Disturbance Ecology and Forest Health

Additional Requirements

At least one course with Social Sciences content must be taken from the following list:

BIOL 304-3, BIOL 350-3, BIOL 420-3, or BIOL 421-3 (these may also count as Subject Requirements); or any course with the following prefixes: ANTH, COMM, ECON, EDUC, ENPL, ENVS, FNST, INTS, NORS, ORTM, POLS, or PSYC.

BSc Honours - Biology

The Honours in Biology recognizes undergraduate students who both excel at their studies and who complete the Undergraduate Thesis (normally NRES 430-6 ).

To enter the Honours Program, students must have completed 60 credit hours and obtained a minimum Cumulative GPA of 3.33. Attaining the minimum Cumulative GPA requirement does not guarantee entry into the Honours Program, which is at the discretion of the Ecosystem Science and Management Program. Maintenance of a Cumulative GPA of 3.33 is required to remain in the Honours program.

Honours students are required to complete the degree requirements for the BSc in Biology. In addition, each student must also complete an additional 6 credit hours in the form of an undergraduate thesis  under the supervision of a faculty member.

Note: Students are responsible for finding their own undergraduate thesis research supervisor. Faculty members are under no obligation to supervise honours students.

Minor in Biology

The minor in Biology offers students in other disciplines the opportunity to gain a solid foundation in the diversity of life and biological processes.

The minor in Biology requires the completion of 29 credit hours, of which 12 credit hours must be at the upper division (I.e., 300 or 400 level).

A maximum of 14 credit hours which are used to fulfill requirements for a major or another minor may also be used to fulfill program requirements for a minor in Biology. These 14 credit hours consist of 8 credit hours at the 100 level plus 6 credit hours at the 200 level or above.


BIOL 103-3Introductory Biology I
BIOL 104-3Introductory Biology II
BIOL 123-1Introductory Biology I Laboratory
BIOL 124-1Introductory Biology II Laboratory
BIOL 201-3Ecology
BIOL 210-3Genetics
BIOL 323-3Evolutionary Biology

One of:
BIOL 202-3Invertebrate Zoology
BIOL 203-3Microbiology
BIOL 204-3Plant Biology

One of:
BIOL 301-3Systematic Botany
BIOL 307-3Ichthyology and Herpetology
BIOL 308-3Ornithology and Mammalogy
BIOL 318-3Fungi and Lichens

One of:
BIOL 304-3Plants, Society and the Environment
BIOL 311-3Cell and Molecular Biology
BIOL 321-3Animal Physiology

Three additional credit hours in Biology at the 300 or 400 level.

Minor in Biology and Conservation

The minor in Biology and Conservation provides students with a background in ecological principles and techniques associated with the management and conservation of animal and plant populations and communities associated with a range of ecosystems. Upon completion of the minor, students will have a broad background in genetics and evolution, population and community dynamics, ecological analysis, and the key problems and approaches for conserving biological diversity.

The minor in Biology and Conservation  requires the completion of a minimum of 27 credit hours of study (plus associated prerequisites). A maximum of two courses (6 credit hours) used to fulfill the requirements for a major, or another minor, may also be used to fulfill requirements for this minor. Forest Ecology and Management Majors will have the following prerequisites as part of the major core requirements. Students from other majors will need to fulfill the prerequisite requirements for this minor.

BIOL 103-3
Introductory Biology I 
BIOL 104-3
Introductory Biology II 
BIOL 123-1Introductory Biology I Laboratory
BIOL 124-1Introductory Biology II Laboratory
STAT 240-3Basic Statistics

 Required Courses
Evolutionary Biology
Ecological Analyses 
Population and Community Ecology 
Conservation Biology 
Four of the following courses, two of which must be Biology courses: 
Introduction to Wildlife and Fisheries
Plants, Society and the Environment
Icthyology and Herpetology 
Ornithology and Mammalogy
Fungi and Lichens
Animal Physiology 
Field School
Aquatic Plants 
Plant Ecology 
Fish Ecology 
Wildlife Ecology 
Environmental Impact Assessment