Biology

Keith Egger, Professor Emeritus
Staffan Lindgren, Professor Emeritus

Kathy Lewis, Professor and Chair
Philip Burton, Professor
Darwyn Coxson, Professor
Russell Dawson, Professor
Art Fredeen, Professor
Dezene Huber, Professor
Chris Johnson, Professor
Hugues Massicotte, Professor
William McGill, Professor
Ken Otter, Professor
Mark Shrimpton, Professor
Scott Green, Associate Professor
Brent Murray, Associate Professor
Lisa Poirier, Associate Professor
Erin Baerwald, Assistant Professor
Heather Bryan, Assistant Professor
Eduardo Martins, Assistant Professor
Lisa Wood, Assistant Professor
Michael Gillingham, Adjunct Professor
Katherine Parker, Adjunct Professor
Jeanne Robert, Adjunct Professor
Jenia Blair, Senior Lab Instructor
Saphida Migabo, Senior Lab Instructor
Roy Rea, Senior Lab Instructor


Website: http://www.unbc.ca/biology

The Bachelor of Science in Biology is a broadly-based undergraduate program in biology that is designed to present the major concepts of contemporary biology at the molecular, cellular, organismal, population and community levels. The degree is designed to have sufficient flexibility for students to follow interests ranging from microbial to plant to fish or wildlife biology. Capitalizing on the northern setting of the University, there is an emphasis on northern flora and fauna, morphological, biochemical, physiological and behavioural modifications to temperate and arctic conditions, and the dynamics of microbial, plant and animal populations in northern ecosystems. The Bachelor of Science in Biology prepares students for application to medical, dental, veterinary, or other professional schools, and for a wide range of other biology-related careers. Students who complete the degree are automatically eligible to apply to the College of Applied Biology as a Biologist in Training or a Registered Professional Biologist.

Major in Biology
The major in Biology requires students to take at least 65 credit hours of biology-oriented courses, of which 42 credit hours must be at the 300- or 400- level. Note: NRES 430-6 can count as up to 6 credit hours toward this requirement (with permission of the Ecosystem Science and Management Program Chair).

The minimum requirement for the completion of a Bachelor of Science with a major in Biology is 125 credit hours.

In order to increase the breadth and utility of their degree, and to demonstrate an interest in a particular biological sub-discipline, students have the option of choosing to complete a maximum of one Area of Specialization during their degree, chosen from the following list:

1. Field Biology and Natural History
2. Applied Ecology
3. Ecology and Evolution
4. Zoology
5. Botany and Mycology
6. Cell Biology and Genetics

Program Requirements

Lower Division Requirement

100 Level

BIOL 103-3 Introductory Biology I
BIOL 104-3 Introductory Biology II
BIOL 123-1 Introductory Biology I Laboratory
BIOL 124-1 Introductory Biology II Laboratory
CHEM 100-3 General Chemistry I
CHEM 101-3 General Chemistry II
CHEM 120-1 General Chemistry Lab I
CHEM 121-1 General Chemistry Lab II
NRES 100-3 Communications in Natural Resources and Environmental Studies
or ENGL 170-3 Writing and Communication Skills
MATH 152-3 Calculus for Non-majors
Calculus I 
PHYS 115-4 General Introduction to Physics
  or PHYS 100-4  Introduction to Physics
Introductory Physics I:  Mechanics 
Any other 100-level or higher, 3 credit-hour course

Note: Students who have completed Physics 12 should take PHYS 100-4 or PHYS 110-4 instead of PHYS 115-4.


*Recommended:  MATH 101-3 Calculus II

Students who intend to pursue professional programs - such as medicine, dentistry, or veterinary medicine - should contact the program advisor regarding the correct course sequences required for individual programs, particularly with respect to PHYS or MATH requirements.

200 Level
BIOL 201-3 Ecology
Invertebrate Zoology
Microbiology
Plant Biology
BIOL 210-3 Genetics
CHEM 201-3 Organic Chemistry I
CHEM 203-3 Organic Chemistry II
CHEM 204-3 Introductory Biochemistry
Basic Statistics 
 

Students must also take 6 additional credit hours of courses at the 200 level or above. Students are encouraged to explore a diversity of courses during their undergraduate biology education. While biology content is not specifically required, biology students may find relevant courses among the following prefixes: ANTH, BCMB, CHEM, ENPL, ENSC, ENVS, FNST, FSTY, GEOG, HHSC, INTS, NREM, NORS, ORTM, PHIL, PHYS, POLS, PSYC, and STAT.

It is recommended that students consult with a Student Advisor regarding their interests and the content of various courses.

Upper Division Requirement

300 Level
BIOL 311-3 Cell and Molecular Biology
BIOL 323-3 Evolutionary Biology
BIOL 325-3 Ecological Analyses

One of the following:
BIOL 304-3 Plants, Society and the Environment
BIOL 321-3 Animal Physiology

Two of the following:
BIOL 301-3 Systematic Botany
BIOL 307-3 Ichthyology and Herpetology
BIOL 308-3 Ornithology and Mammalogy
Fungi and Lichens

400 Level
BIOL 410-3 Population and Community Ecology
BIOL 411-3 Conservation Biology

One of the following:
BIOL 404-3 Plant Ecology
BIOL 406-3 Fish Ecology
BIOL 412-3 Wildlife Ecology

Subject Requirements

Fifteen additional credit hours chosen from the following, of which at least 6 credit hours must be at the 400 level:
 
Any 300 or 400 level BIOL courses
ENSC 406-3 Environmental  Modelling
FSTY 307-3 Disturbance Ecology and Forest Health


Additional Requirements

At least one course with Social Sciences content must be taken from the following list:

BIOL 304-3, BIOL 350-3, BIOL 420-3, or BIOL 421-3 (these may also count as Subject Requirements); or any course with the following prefixes: ANTH, COMM, ECON, EDUC, ENPL, ENVS, FNST, INTS, NORS, ORTM, POLS, or PSYC.

Elective Requirement

Elective credit hours must be taken as necessary to ensure completion of a minimum of 126 credit hours.

Biology BSc Areas of Specialization

Biology BSc students have the option to complete one Area of Specialization. Students must take five courses in an Area of Specialization. These courses cannot be used to satisfy common degree requirements, but can be used to satisfy the subject requirement. Students who are considering an Area of Specialization are strongly encouraged to talk to an advisor early in their second year in order to ensure that the prerequisites are met for upper-division courses.

Field Biology and Natural History

BIOL 301-3 Systematic Botany
BIOL 318-3 Fungi and Lichens
BIOL 333-3 Field School

(Students may substitute another biology-oriented field experience course for BIOL 333 at the discretion of the Chair)

Two of the following:

BIOL 302-3 Limnology
BIOL 304-3 Plants, Society, and the Environment
BIOL 315-3 Animal Diseases and Parasites
BIOL 322-3 Entomology
BIOL 350-3 Ethnobotany
BIOL 402-3 Aquatic Plants
BIOL 420-3 Animal Behaviour
BIOL 421-3 Insects, Fungi, and Society
ORTM 332-3 Outdoor, Environmental, and Experiential Education


Applied Ecology

BIOL 304-3 Plants, Society, and the Environment
NREM 400-3 Natural Resources Planning

One of the following:

BIOL 404-3 Plant Ecology
BIOL 406-3 Fish Ecology
BIOL 412-3 Wildlife Ecology

Two of the following:

BIOL 350-3 Ethnobotany
BIOL 409-3 Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystems
BIOL 413-3 Wildlife Management
BIOL 414-3 Fisheries Management
BIOL 421-3 Insects, Fungi, and Society
ENSC 406-3 Environmental Modelling
FSTY 405-3 Forest Ecosystem Modelling
NREM 303-3 Aboriginal Perspectives on Land and Resource Management
NREM 306-3 Society, Policy, and Administration
NREM 409-3 Conservation Planning
ORTM 300-3 Recreation and Tourism Impacts
ORTM 400-3 Conservation Area Design and Management

Ecology and Evolution

BIOL 423-3 Molecular Evolution and Ecology

Two of the following:

BIOL 404-3 Plant Ecology
BIOL 406-3 Fish Ecology
BIOL 412-3 Wildlife Ecology

Two of the following:

BIOL 302-3 Limnology
BIOL 420-3 Animal Behaviour
BIOL 425-3 Applied Genetics and Biotechnology
ENSC 406-3 Environmental Modelling
FSTY 307-3 Disturbance Ecology and Forest Health

Zoology

BIOL 307-3 Ichthyology and Herpetology
BIOL 308-3 Ornithology and Mammalogy
BIOL 321-3 Animal Physiology

Two of the following:

BIOL 350-3 Ethnobotany
BIOL 409-3 Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystems
BIOL 413-3 Wildlife Management
BIOL 414-3 Fisheries Management
BIOL 421-3 Insects, Fungi, and Society

Botany and Mycology

BIOL 301-3 Systematic Botany
BIOL 318-3 Fungi and Lichens
BIOL 404-3 Plant Ecology

Two of the following:

BIOL 304-3 Plants, Society, and the Environment
BIOL 350-3 Ethnobotany
BIOL 402-3 Aquatic Plants
BIOL 421-3 Insects, Fungi, and Society
FSTY 307-3 Disturbance Ecology and Forest Health

Cell Biology and Genetics

BCMB 306-3 Intermediary Metabolism
BIOL 312-3 Molecular Cell Physiology
BIOL 425-3 Applied Genetics and Biotechnology

Two of the following:

BCMB 340-3 Physical Biochemistry
BCMB 401-3 Basic Science of Oncology
BCMB 402-3 Macromolecular Structure
BCMB 403-3 Advanced Nucleic Acids
BCMB 404-3 Proteins and Enzymology
BIOL 321-3 Animal Physiology
BIOL 423-3 Molecular Evolution and Ecology

BSc Honours - Biology

The Honours in Biology recognizes undergraduate students who both excel at their studies and who complete the Undergraduate Thesis (normally NRES 430-6).

To enter the Honours Program, students must have completed 60 credit hours and obtained a minimum Cumulative GPA of 3.33. Attaining the minimum Cumulative GPA requirement does not guarantee entry into the Honours Program, which is at the discretion of the Ecosystem Science and Management Program. Maintenance of a Cumulative GPA of 3.33 is required to remain in the Honours program.

Honours students are required to complete the degree requirements for the BSc in Biology. In addition, each student must also complete an additional 6 credit hours in the form of an undergraduate thesis chosen from NRES 430-6, ENSC 430-6, or BCMB 430-6 under the supervision of a faculty member.

Note: Students are responsible for finding their own undergraduate thesis research supervisor. Faculty members are under no obligation to supervise honours students.


Minor in Biology

The minor in Biology offers students in other disciplines the opportunity to gain a solid foundation in the diversity of life and biological processes.

The minor in Biology requires the completion of 29 credit hours, of which 12 credit hours must be at the upper division (i.e., 300 or 400 level).

A maximum of 14 credit hours which are used to fulfill requirements for a major or another minor may also be used to fulfill program requirements for a minor in Biology. These 14 credit hours consist of 8 credit hours at the 100 level plus 6 credit hours at the 200 level or above.

Requirements

BIOL 103-3 Introductory Biology I
BIOL 104-3 Introductory Biology II
BIOL 123-1 Introductory Biology I Laboratory
BIOL 124-1 Introductory Biology II Laboratory
BIOL 201-3 Ecology
BIOL 210-3 Genetics
BIOL 323-3 Evolutionary Biology

One of the following:
BIOL 202-3 Invertebrate Zoology
BIOL 203-3 Microbiology
BIOL 204-3 Plant Biology

One of the following:
BIOL 301-3 Systematic Botany
BIOL 307-3 Ichthyology and Herpetology
BIOL 308-3 Ornithology and Mammalogy
BIOL 318-3 Fungi and Lichens

One of the following:
BIOL 304-3 Plants, Society and the Environment
BIOL 311-3 Cell and Molecular Biology
BIOL 321-3 Animal Physiology

Three additional credit hours in Biology at the 300 or 400 level.

Minor in Biology and Conservation

The minor in Biology and Conservation provides students with a background in ecological principles and techniques associated with the management and conservation of animal and plant populations and communities associated with a range of ecosystems. Upon completion of the minor, students will have a broad background in genetics and evolution, population and community dynamics, ecological analysis, and the key problems and approaches for conserving biological diversity.

The minor in Biology and Conservation requires the completion of a minimum of 27 credit hours of study (plus associated prerequisites). A maximum of two courses (6 credit hours) used to fulfill the requirements for a major, or another minor, may also be used to fulfill requirements for this minor. Forest Ecology and Management Majors will have the following prerequisites as part of the major core requirements. Students from other majors will need to fulfill the prerequisite requirements for this minor.

BIOL 103-3
Introductory Biology I 
BIOL 104-3
Introductory Biology II 
BIOL 123-1 Introductory Biology I Laboratory
BIOL 124-1 Introductory Biology II Laboratory
Ecology 
STAT 240-3 Basic Statistics

 Required Courses
Genetics
Evolutionary Biology
Ecological Analyses 
Population and Community Ecology 
Conservation Biology 
Four of the following courses, two of which must be Biology courses: 
Introduction to Wildlife and Fisheries
Plants, Society and the Environment
Ichthyology and Herpetology
Ornithology and Mammalogy
Fungi and Lichens
Animal Physiology 
Field School
Ethnobotany
Aquatic Plants 
Plant Ecology 
Fish Ecology 
Wildlife Ecology 
Internship 
Environmental Impact Assessment 
Agroforestry
Updated: May 15, 2020