- Prince George
- MSc NRES Environmental Science
Michael Rutherford has research interests in several areas related to soil science and environmental science:
(i) the chemistry, biology and ecotoxicity of contaminated soils
(ii) biogeochemical cycling of carbon and nitrogen
(iii) the utilization of various waste materials for environmental restoration, and
(iv) the bioremediation of contaminated environments
In the past, Michael has conducted research into natural-occurring radioactivity (e.g radon gas) in soils and industrial wastes. His initial scholarly activities focused on four main research areas:
(i) carbon and nitrogen cycling in plant-soil systems (biogeochemical cycling), including the simulation modelling of these processes
(ii) soil fauna-soil microbe interactions (soil microbial ecology)
(iii) naturally-occurring radioactivity of soils and industrial wastes, including the generation of radon gas, and
(iv) the chemistry and biodegradation of hydrocarbon compounds in industrially-contaminated soils.
His research activities at UNBC initially focused on the chemistry, biology, toxicity and bioremediation of petroleum-hydrocarbons in soils. Since 2007 he has taken on projects related to the mining industry (extraction of copper; reclamation of mine soils). He is currently pursuing research into the use of biochar and bioenergy residuals (e.g. ash) in soils.
Robertson, S.J., N.W. Kennedy, H.B. Massicotte and P.M. Rutherford (accepted by Environmental Microbiology Reports). Enhanced biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons in the mycorrhizosphere of sub-boreal forest soils.
Helle, S., A.L. Fredeen, P.M Rutherford, G. Halseth, M.P. Gillingham, K. Parker and H.B. Massicotte. 2009. Biomass energy in central British Columbia: framing the issues. Natural Resources and Environmental Studies Institute Occasional Paper No. 4, University of Northern British Columbia, B.C., Canada. (available from http://www.unbc.ca/nres_institute/occasional_paper_series.html).
Rutherford, P.M., W.B. McGill, C.T. Figueiredo and J.M Arocena. 2008. Chapter 22: Total Nitrogen. Pages 239-250 in Carter, M.R. and E.G. Gregorich (eds) Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, 2nd Edition. CRC Press. Taylor and Francis Group.
Robertson, S.J., W.B. McGill, H.B. Massicotte and P.M. Rutherford. 2007. Petroleum hydrocarbon contamination in boreal forest soils: a mycorrhizal ecosystems perspective. Biological Reviews, 82: 213-240.
Arocena, J.M., S.K. Nepal and P.M. Rutherford. 2006. Visitor-induced changes in the chemical composition of soils in backcountry areas of Mt. Robson, Provincial Park, British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Environmental Management. 79:10-19.
Dickinson, S.J. and P.M. Rutherford. 2006. Utilization of biosolids in the phytoremediation of a hydrocarbon-contaminated soil. Journal of Environmental Quality, 35:982-991.
Siddique, T., P.M. Rutherford, J.M. Arocena and R.W. Thring. 2006. A proposed method for rapid and economical extraction of petroleum hydrocarbons from contaminated soils. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 86: 725-728.
Rutherford, P.M., S.J. Dickinson and J.M. Arocena. 2005. Emergence, survival and growth of selected plant species in petroleum-impacted flare pit soils. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 89: 139-148.
Arocena J.M. and P.M. Rutherford. 2005. Properties of hydrocarbon- and self-contaminated flare pit soils in Northeastern British Columbia, Canada. Chemosphere 60: 567-575.
Rutherford, P.M., D.K. Banerjee, S.M. Luther, M.R. Gray, M.J. Dudas, W.B. McGill, M.A. Pickard and M.J. Salloum. 1998. Slurry phase bioremediation of creosote- and petroleum-contaminated soils. Environmental Technology, 19: 683-696.
Rutherford, P.M., M.R. Gray and M.J. Dudas. 1997. Desorption of 14C-naphthalene from creosote-contaminated soils. Environmental Science and Technology, 31: 2515-2519.
Rutherford, P.M., J.M. Arocena and M.J. Dudas. 1996. Heterogeneous distribution of radionuclides, barium and strontium in phosphogypsum by-product. Science of the Total Environment, 180: 201-209.
Luther, S.M., L. Poulsen, M.J. Dudas and P.M. Rutherford. 1996. Fluoride sorption and mineral stability in Alberta soil interacting with phosphogypsum leachate. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 76:83-91.
Rutherford, P.M., M.J. Dudas and J.M. Arocena. 1995. Radioactivity and elemental composition of phosphogypsum produced from three phosphate rock sources. Waste Management and Research, 13: 407-423.
Rutherford, P.M., M.J. Dudas and J.M Arocena. 1995. Radon emanation coefficients for phosphogypsum by-product. Health Physics, 69: 513-520
Rutherford, P.M., M.J. Dudas and J.M. Arocena. 1995. Radium in phosphogypsum leachates. Journal of Environmental Quality, 24: 307-314.
Rutherford, P.M., M.J. Dudas and J.M. Arocena. 1995. Trace elements and fluoride in phosphogypsum leachates. Environmental Technology, 16: 343-354.
Arocena, J.M., P.M. Rutherford and M.J. Dudas. 1995. Heterogeneous distribution of trace elements and fluorine in phosphogypsum by-product. Science of the Total Environment, 162: 149-160.
Arocena, J.M., M.J. Dudas, L. Poulsen and P.M. Rutherford. 1995. Weathering of clay minerals induced by fluoride-containing solutions from phosphogypsum by-product. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 75: 219-226.
Rutherford, P.M., M.J. Dudas and R.A. Samek. 1994. Environmental impacts of phosphogypsum: a review. Science of the Total Environment, 149: 1-38.
Janzen, R.A., K.P. Raverkar, P.M. Rutherford and W.B. McGill. 1994. Decreasing amounts of phospholipid-linked fatty acids in a soil during decline in numbers of Pseudomonads. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 74:277-284.
Luther, S.M., M.J. Dudas and P.M. Rutherford. 1993. Radioactivity and chemical characteristics of Alberta phosphogypsum. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 69: 277-290.
Rutherford, P.M. and N.G. Juma. 1992. Influence of soil texture on protozoan-induced mineralization of bacterial carbon and nitrogen. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 72: 183-200.
Rutherford, P.M. and N.G. Juma. 1992. Simulation of protozoan-induced mineralization of bacterial carbon and nitrogen. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 72: 201-216.
Rutherford, P.M. and N.G. Juma. 1992. Performance of a simulation model describing protozoa-induced mineralization of bacterial carbon and nitrogen in a sandy loam soil. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 72: 217-228.
Rutherford, P.M. and N.G. Juma. 1992. Influence of texture on habitable pore space and bacterial-protozoan populations in soil. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 12: 221-227.
Rutherford, P.M. and N.G. Juma. 1992. Effect of glucose amendment on microbial biomass, fertilizer 15N-recovery and distribution in a barley-soil-system. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 12: 228-232.
Rutherford, P.M. and N.G. Juma. 1989. Dynamics of microbial biomass and soil fauna in contrasting soils cropped to barley. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 8: 144-153.
Rutherford, P.M. and N.G. Juma. 1989. Shoot, root, soil and microbial N dynamics in contrasting soils cropped to barley. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 8: 134-143.
Burton, D.L., D.A. Gower, P.M. Rutherford and W.B. McGill. 1989. Amino acid interference with ammonium determination in soil extracts using the automated indophenol method. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 20: 555-565.