Construction of the Wood Innovation & Design Centre

Building with Wood

One of the many benefits of new wood construction is the speed and accuracy of erection of the building. 

The structural concept is a “dry construction” design, virtually eliminating the use of concrete above grade. After the prefabricated Cross-Laminated Timber (CLT) panels and Glued Laminated Timber (Glulam) columns and beams arrived at site and are erected, the building quickly took shape.

The concept allows for the wood structure to be exposed as the ceiling finish. There are many unique advantages to dry construction solutions as part of the future of wood story. This solution sequesters and reduces embodied carbon by minimizing green house gas-and-carbon-intense materials like steel and concrete, and by storing carbon in the building for its lifetime within the wood. This further enhances the great carbon story of the building, while speeding erection time. Dry systems also help with the end-of-life story of the project. The building can be disassembled at the end of its functional life, and the wood products can be reused.


Why Build with Wood?

  • Wood is renewable - Wood grows naturally and helps reduce our environmental footprint
  • Wood meets code - Advanced technology and modern building codes are expanding the opportunities for wood in construction.
  • Wood is versatile - Wood’s design flexibility allows a wide range of building types and applications - both structural and aesthetic.
  • Engineered wood is innovative, adaptable, and efficient.
  • For more information on B.C. forests and products, visit www.naturallywood.com

The Future of Tall Wood

Inventive use of wood solutions to solve every day design and construction challenges will demonstrate the beauty and diversity of value-added B.C. wood products. In this way, the team intends to use the building to tell a story that ultimately sells more wood and enhances the B.C. forestry​ and wood manufacturing economy. Great stories add value, and connect the project to both the history and future of wood technology.

Instead of focusing solely on a showpiece structure, the team instead created a building that is easily replicated. This was a fundamental choice, made in the interest of seeing many more architects, engineers, and private developers recognize the value of the design as a cost-effective competitor to steel and concrete. This is the best way to ensure that the B.C. wood economy grows - through repeatable, meaningful innovation.

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Wood Structures Comparable in Scale to the Wood Innovation & Design Centre


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The Beauty and Story of Wood

The massing of the building is simple and restrained, allowing the beauty of wood to shine through. The 4671 sq.m building stands almost as tall as B.C. forests, and made up of 1846 m of wood. The building envelope design is a metaphor for bark peeling away from the trunk; bark on the north side, thick and protective from the cold and elements thins towards the south sunlight.

The exterior is more opaque to the north and becomes increasingly transparent as one circles the building to the south. This optimizes sun exposure and insulation, tuning the building’s energy performance to the orientation and northern climate. As the building transforms from opaque to transparent, it does so with a rational logic: in northern climates most heat is lost to the north. To the east and west, the wood wind columns supporting the curtain wall glazing cut the low angle of the rising and setting sun as the facade becomes more transparent. To the south, maximum transparency welcomes passive solar heat gain. In summer, heat gain is controlled with interior wood blinds.

CLT

Cross-Laminated Timber panels are structural timber made up of pressed dried timber boards, stacked together at right angles and glued together with non-toxic adhesives.

GLULAM

Glued Laminated Lumber is structural timber made up of layers of dimensioned lumber bonded together with durable, moister-resistant structural adhesives.

LVL

Laminated Veneer Lumber is made up of 3 mm thick dried softwood veneers, bonded together with adhesives.


Construction Timeline

Fall 2013

  • Cross-laminated timber (CLT) elevator core in place
  • Glued laminated timber (Glulam) columns set in place, continuous from concrete floor slab to roof
  • Glulam timber beams installed to help stabilize columns and core
  • Remaining timber beams set in place. CLT floor panels begin to stagger on first few levels, further stabilizing the structure. These CLT floor panels (two panel thicknesses - 5 and 7 layers of dimensioned lumber) stagger to accommodate services.
  • Remaining CLT floor panels are installed. Main starcase has been installed, made of laminated veneer lumber (LVL)

Spring 2014

  • Building envelope, with LVL window mullions and roof + penthouse enclose the building so that interior finishes may be protected during installation
  • Interior finishes and exterior envolope complete, comprised of charred wood panels, yellow cedar boards, and red-stained wood for the canopies and interior feature wall.


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Innovative & Repeatable Structural Systems

With the staggered floor slab design, the distribution of mechanical and electrical systems throughout the building is solved in a new and repeatable way. Horizontal chases are created between the staggered timber slabs in order to run services both below the floor and above the ceiling. An acoustic subfloor system is loose-laid over the chases, providing convenient access to these areas. Lighting and fire suppression systems are run in the ceiling recesses, concealed with a simple, removable wood-slat finish.

The service chases inherent in the structural system offer extensive flexibility for reconfiguring the space for UNBC uses and office tenants. By concealing the service runs, the need for secondary ceiling finishes can be eliminated, saving materials and cost. Wood is exposed at the ceiling, providing a beautiful finish that speaks to the purpose and mission of the facility. The all-wood structural solution for the WIDC is repeatable and expandable to other building types and sizes.


A B.C. Building for the Prince George Community

Thirteen businesses from across B.C. worked collaboratively on this project. 

Equity Plumbing & Heating
Mechanical Contractor
Prince George, B.C.

Structurlam Products Ltd.
Cross-Laminated Timber Supplier
Penticton, B.C.

Coulson Cedar
New & Innovative Western Red Cedar Products
Port Alberni, B.C.

IDL Projects Inc.
Site Services Contractor
Prince George, B.C.

Rolling Mix Concrete
Foundation Concrete Contractor
Prince George, B.C.

Houle Electric
Electrical Contractor
Prince George, B.C.

Insulspan
Structural Insulated Panel System Supplier
Penticton, B.C.

Nicola Logworks Ltd.
Wood Structure Installer
Merritt, B.C.

KONE Inc.
Elevator Contractor
Prince George, B.C.

Brisco Manufacturing Ltd.
Laminated Veneer Lumber Supplier
Brisco, B.C.

Glastech Contracting Ltd.
Curtain Wall Contractor
Vancouver, B.C.

Admiral Roofing Ltd.
Roofing
Prince George, B.C.

Harris Rebar
Reinforcing Steel Contractor
Prince George, B.C.


The District Energy System of Prince George

The Wood Innovation and Design Centre is connected to the City of Prince George's district energy system. This means that, in addition to being a showcase of wood construction, the building is also being heated by wood. Hot water for the heating of the building is coming from a local bioenergy system operated by Lakeland Mills. Learn more about district energy