- Ancient Forest Research Bulletin 2016
- Ancient Forest Research Bulletin 2015
- Ancient Forest Research Bulletin 2014
- Ancient Forest Research Bulletin 2013
- Research Bulletin April 2012
- Research Bulletin May 2011
- Research Bulletin January 2010
- Research Bulletin November 2008
- Connell, D. J., J. Hall, and J. Shultis (2016). “Ecotourism and forestry: A study of tension in a peripheral region of British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Ecotourism. 1-21. DOI: 10.1080/14724049.2016.1255221
- Connell, D. J., Jessica Shapiro, and Loraine Lavallee (2015). Held Forest Values of the Ancient Cedars of British Columbia. Society and Natural Resources: An International Journal, 28(12): 1,323-1,339. DOI: 10.1080/08941920.2015.1041660
- Coxson, D. S., T. Goward, and D. J. Connell (2012). “Analysis of Ancient Western Redcedar Stands in the Upper Fraser River Watershed and Scenarios for Protection.” Journal of Ecosystems and Management 13(3):1–20.
- Forest Values Surrounding Ancient Cedar Stands in British Columbia's Inland Temperate Rainforest
- Assessing the Economic Benefits of Ancient Forest Trail Ecotourism in McBride, British Columbia
ABSTRACT McBride, British Columbia, has long relied on forestry as the primary sector of its economy. With shrinking employment, timber demand and supply, community members are now pursuing opportunities for economic diversification. Tourism has been identified as one of three initiatives aimed at improving local economic stability and diversification. An emerging element in the region’s ecotourism potential is the Ancient Forest Trail (AFT). The purpose of this research is to assess the AFT’s potential economic benefit as a tourist attraction and contributor to economic diversification. First, the number of AFT tourists and their economic benefit is calculated using a trail counter and questionnaires. Second, AFT ecotourism is examined in the context of local economic diversification, using economic analyses to describe the structure and dynamics of the local economy and key informant interviews to access community knowledge. Results describe a local economy in transition, an emerging ecotourism attraction with a positive economic benefit, and a community disagreement regarding tourism as an economic priority.
However, as the few remaining stands of ancient cedars come under increasing pressure of harvesting and the demand for other uses increases, the need to ask more questions about competing values increases. This potential for conflict stands in sharp contrast with the limited knowledge of the rainforest’s economic potential and conservation values. Its remote location, limited access, and low timber value leave the thousand year-old cedars not only under-appreciated, but also relatively unknown.
This study of the economic and community benefits of non-timber uses helps advance practices for the use and conservation of the inland rainforest that enhance the social, economic and environmental well-being of northern communities in BC. The research will advance long-term planning and land development management of the area and will assist people to respond positively to change and growth related to competing interests.
With funding from the Future Forest Ecosystems Scientific Council (FFESC) the project completed another phase of research. The social and biological values associated with the inland rainforest was examined in the context of possible effects of climate change. Our examination focussed on assessments in three major areas: (a) perceived values of future non-timber uses of the ITR; (b) perceptions of vulnerability of non-timber uses under different climate change scenarios; and (c) opportunities for adaptation.
The following websites provide additional resources related to the inland rainforest of the upper Fraser River valley.
David J. Connell, PhD