Environmental Studies (BA Program)

Kathy Lewis, Professor and Chair
Annie Booth, Professor
Art Fredeen, Professor
Scott Green, Associate Professor
Zoë Meletis, Associate Professor
Ken Wilkening, Associate Professor

Major in Environmental Studies

The Bachelor of Arts in Environmental Studies emphasizes a social science and humanities perspective on environmental issues.  The program provides a strong philosophical, social and scientific basis for understanding the full diversity of environmental issues. It positions students to be effective agents for mitigation of, and/or adaptation to, environmental change. Understanding Environmental Citizenship is emphasized.

Students must complete the common degree requirements, the requirements of the Area of Specialization and elective credit hours in any subject as necessary to ensure completion of a minimum of 120 credit hours, including any additional credits necessary to meet the Academic Breadth requirement of the University (see Academic Regulation 15).

Program Requirements

Lower-Division Requirement

100 Level
Anthropology: A World of Discovery 
     or FNST 100-3
The Aboriginal Peoples of Canada 
BIOL 110-3Introductory Ecology
CHEM 110-3Chemistry of Everyday Life
     or CHEM 100-3General Chemistry I
     or PHYS 150-3
Physics for Future Leaders
ENPL 104-3Introduction to Planning
Introduction to Environmental Citizenship 
GEOG 101-3Human Geographies of Global Change
POLS 100-3Contemporary Political Issues

Note:  CPSC 150-3 (Computer Applications) is recommended for students without computing experience. Students who wish to take the Science, Technology and Society Area of Specialization should take BIOL 103-3 and BIOL 123-1, and BIOL 104-3 and BIOL 124-1, instead of BIOL 110. Students who wish to take the First Nations Area of Specialization should choose FNST 100-3.

200 Level
ENGL 270-3Introduction to Expository Writing
     or ENGL 271-3
Creative Writing
Global Environmental Change: Science and Policy
Introduction to GIS for the Social Sciences 
     or GEOG 300-3
Geographic Information Systems 
GEOG 205-3Cartography and Geomatics
PHIL 202-3Comparative Religion
     or FNST 303-3
First Nations Religion and Philosophy 

Upper-Division Requirement

300 Level
Social Research Methods 
Human Ecology
ENVS 309-3Gender and Environmental Studies
Natural Resources, Environmental Issues and Public Engagement 
NREM 303-3First Nations' Approaches to Resource Management
     or FNST 304-3
Indigenous Environmental Philosophy
     or ENPL 208-3
First Nations Community and Environmental Planning 

400 Level
ENPL 401-3Environmental Law
ENVS 414-3Environmental and Professional Ethics
Internship 
Tenure, Conflict and Resource Geography
Geographies of Environmental Justice
     or GEOG 305-3
Political Ecology
Professional Writing and Undergraduate Report
     or NRES 430-6
Undergraduate Thesis 
Environmental Problems and Human Behaviour 
     or ORTM 408-3
The Psychology of Recreation and Tourism 
Areas of Specialization
Students must choose one of the following Areas of Specialization. Courses use to fulfill major requirements above may not be used to satisfy an Area of Specialization requirement. 
 
Global Environmental Studies
Required:
Introduction to Global Studies
Society and Space
Choose eight of the following:
Cultural Geography
Political Ecology (if NOT taken as a requirement for the major)
Geography of International Development 
Changing Arctic: Human and Environmental System
Geographies of Culture, Rights & Power 
Introduction to the Circumpolar North 
Lands and Environments of the Circumpolar North 1 
Contemporary Issues of the Circumpolar North 1
International Dimensions of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism 
Polar Tourism and Recreation 
Communities and Environmental Citizenship
Required:
Sustainable Communities: Structure and Sociology 
Society and Space
Geographies of Culture, Rights and Power 
Choose six of the following: 
Introduction to Canadian Business 
Organizational Behaviour 
Environment and Society
Mediation, Negotiation & Public Participation 
Rural Community Economic Development 
Contemporary Challenges Facing Aboriginal Communities
First Nations Perspectives on Race, Class, Gender and Power 
Migration and Settlement
Political Ecology
Environments of Health and Care
Foundations of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism
Sustainable Outdoor Recreation and Tourism 
Recreation, Tourism and Communities 
Municipal Government and Politics 
Natural Resource Management
Students should note that some of these courses have prerequisites.  It is the student’s responsibility to ensure they have completed these prerequisites.
Required:
Field Skills
Introduction to Natural Resources Management and Conservation
Integrated Resource Management 
Foundations of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism
Choose one of:
Introduction to Traditional Ecological Knowledge 
Resource Inventories and Measurements 
Sustainable Outdoor Recreation and Tourism 
Choose four of:
Mediation, Negotiation & Public Participation 
Environmental Impact Assessment 
Energy Development 
Field Applications in Resource Management 
Natural Resources Planning 
Recreation and Tourism Impacts 
Protected Area Planning and Management 
Conservation Area Design and Management 
Contemporary Issues in the Circumpolar North
Science, Technology, and Society
Students should note that some of these courses have prerequisites.  It is the student’s responsibility to ensure they have completed these prerequisites.
Required:
BIOL 103-3
Introductory Biology I 
BIOL 104-3
Introductory Biology II 
BIOL 123-1Introductory Biology I Laboratory
BIOL 124-1Introductory Biology II Laboratory
Ecology 
Choose seven of:
Plants, Society and the Environment
Field School
Introduction to Atmospheric Science 
Introduction to Aquatic Systems 
Spatial Planning with Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
Northern Contaminated Environments 
Waste Management 
Global Change Science 
Introduction to Soil Science 
Introduction to Global Studies 
Field Applications in Resource Management 
First Nations
Choose at least one FNST course and two additional courses from the following:
Ethnography of Northern British Columbia 
Contemporary Challenges Facing Aboriginal Communities
Aboriginal Resource Planning 
Society and Space
Choose six of:
Ethnobotany
First Nations Community and Environmental Planning 
Aboriginal Medicines I - Harvesting and Preservation  
Research Methods in First Nations Studies 
First Nations Religion and Philosophy 
First Nations Environmental Philosophy and Knowledge 
Traditional Use Studies 
Cultural Geography 
First Nations and Indigenous Geography 
Aboriginal People in Canada 
First Nations Approach to Resource Management 
Indigenous Tourism and Recreation 
Electives and Academic Breadth Requirement

Elective credit hours are required as necessary to ensure completion of a minimum of 120 credit hours, including any additional credits necessary to meet the Academic Breadth requirement of the University (See Academic Regulation 15).  Electives may be at any level in any subject sufficient to ensure completion of a minimum of 120 credit hours.

Major in Environmental Studies (Okanagan Diploma in Environmental Studies Degree Completion)

This 60 credit-hour program of study is available only to students from Okanagan College with a diploma in Environmental Studies (Environmental Management Option or Interdisciplinary Environmental Arts Option).

If the diploma in Environmental Studies is completed, with the course choices noted*, the completion of the following courses through UNBC will result in the completion of the BA in Environmental Studies.

*NOTE: Students must take Okanagan College's PHIL 251 Environmental Ethics, WMST 222 Ecofeminism and GEOG 210 Introduction to Environmental Issues as part of their course choices at Okanagan College, or additional UNBC courses meeting these requirements will be required.

Degree requirements:    Diploma in Environmental Studies from Okanagan College, minimum Cumulative GPA of 2.00, plus 36 credit hours
Area of focus:               24 to 29 credit hours

Elective credit hours in any subject as necessary to ensure completion of a minimum of 60 credit hours at UNBC.

Lower-Division Requirement
Introductory Ecology
     or POLS 100-3
Contemporary Political Issues
Introduction to Planning
Introduction to Environmental Citizenship
Global Environmental Change: Science and Policy
* Students who have completed the Interdisciplinary Arts diploma option should take BIOL 110-3, and students who have completed the Environmental Management diploma option should take POLS 100-3.

Upper-Division Requirement

300 Level
Natural Resources, Environmental Issues and Public Engagement 
First Nations’ Approaches to Resource Management 
      or FNST 304-3
First Nations Environmental  Philosophy and Knowledge 
      or ENPL 208-3
First Nations Community and Environmental Planning 

400 Level
Environmental Law
Internship
Tenure, Conflict, and Resource Geography
Social Geography of Northern Communities

Total: 33 credit hours

Area of Specialization

Students must choose one of the following areas of specialization.
  1. Global Environmental Studies
  2. Communities and Environmental Citizenship
  3. Natural Resource Management
  4. Science, Technology and Society
  5. First Nation.
Courses used to fulfill major requirements above may not be used to fulfill an Area of Specialization requirement.


English and Environmental Studies Joint Major

See Calendar Entry under English


Joint Major in Environmental Studies/Political Science

The Environmental Studies and Political Science joint major is for students who want both a broad understanding of environmental issues and the political knowledge needed to respond to those issues.
The minimum requirement for completion of a Bachelor of Arts with a joint major in Environmental Studies and Political Science is 120 credit hours.


Program Requirements

Lower-Division Requirement

Anthropology: A World of Discovery
 or FNST 100-3The Aboriginal Peoples of Canada
BIOL 110-3Introduction to Ecology
ENPL 104-3Introduction to Planning
ENVS 101-3Introduction to Environmental Citizenship
ENVS 225-3Global Environmental Change: Science and Policy
GEOG 101-3Human Geographies of Global Change
INTS 100-3Introduction to Global Studies
POLS 100-3Contemporary Political Issues
GEOG 204-3Introduction to GIS for the Social Sciences
or  GEOG 205-3Cartography and Geomatics
GEOG 206-3Society and Space
POLS 200-3Canadian Government and Politics
POLS 202-3Canada in Comparative Perspective
POLS 270-3Political Philosophy: Antiquity to Early Modernity
 
Upper-Division Requirement

Human Ecology
ENVS 309-3Gender and Environmental Studies
or GEOG 305-3Political Ecology
or GEOG 420-3Geographies of Environmental Justice
ENVS 326-3Natural Resources, Environmental Issues and Public Engagement
FNST 304-3First Nations Environmental Philosophy and Knowledge
or NREM 303-3First Nations' Approaches to Resource Management
NREM 306-3Society, Policy and Administration
or POLS 344-3Society, Policy and Administration of Natural Resources
POLS 302-3How Government Works
or POLS 320-3Canadian Politics and Policy
POLS 303-3Democracy and Democratization
POLS 370-3Political Philosophy: Early Modernity to Post-Modernity
or POLS 372-3Theories of Justice
ENPL 401-3Environmental Law
ENVS 440-(2-6)Internship
or POLS 440-3Internship I
ENVS 414-3Environmental and Professional Ethics
ORTM 408-3The Psychology of Recreation and Tourism
or PSYC 408-3Environmental Problems and Human Behaviour
POLS 400-3Classics in Political Philosophy
or POLS 472-3Seminar in Political Philosophy
POLS 413-3Democracy and Diversity
or POLS 415-3Comparative Northern Development
One of the following:
NRES 421-1Professional Writing
and NRES 422-2Undergraduate Report
OR
NRES 430-6Undergraduate Thesis

Elective and Academic Breadth Requirement

Students take electives at any level in any subject sufficient to ensure completion of a minimum of 120 credit hours.  This includes taking any additional credits necessary to meet the Academic Breadth requirement of the University (see Academic Regulation 15).
Minor in Environmental Studies

The minor in Environmental Studies offers an opportunity for students in other disciplines to learn how individual lives are connected to environmental systems, and to gain understanding and perspective on key environmental issues. A maximum of two courses (6 credit hours) used to fulfill program requirements for a major or another minor may also be used to fulfill requirements for a minor in Environmental Studies.

The minor in Environmental Studies requires the completion of 18 credit hours, 12 of which must be at the upper-division level.

Required
ENVS 101-3Introduction to Environmental Citizenship
Global Environmental Change: Science and Policy 
ENVS 414-3Environmental and Professional Ethics

Three of:
ENPL 301-3Sustainable Communities: Structure and Sociology
ENPL 401-3
Environmental Law 
Natural Resources, Environmental Issues and Public Engagement
Women and Environmental Studies
FNST 304-3
First Nations Environmental Philosophy and Knowledge 
Political Ecology
GEOG 401-3
Tenure, Conflict, and Resource Geography 
Geographies of Environmental Justice 
NREM 303-3First Nations' Approaches to Resource Management
The Psychology of Recreation and Tourism 
Environmental Problems and Human Behaviour 
Minor in Global Environmental Change

The Global Environmental Change minor offers students a well-rounded perspective on global change issues. The minor encompass the science of global change and change predictions, the political realities of environmental change and the way policy intersects with science.  
The Global Environmental Change minor requires the completion of 21 credit hours, 12 of which must be at the upper-division level.  A maximum of two courses (6 credit hours) used to fulfill program requirements for a major or another minor may also be used to fulfill requirements for the Global Environmental Change minor.
 
Students must complete ENVS 225-3 and at least 9 credit hours from each of the two lists of courses indicated below for a total of 21 credit hours overall. 
Required
Global Environmental Change:  Science and Policy 
Three of: 
Introductory Ecology 
    or BIOL 201-3 
Ecology
Plant Ecology
Introduction to Atmospheric Science
Northern Contaminated Environments
Boundary-Layer Meteorology
Storms
Air Pollution
Human Ecology
Environments and People: The Geography of Natural Hazards
Remote Sensing
Selected Topics in Environmental Physics
 Three of:
Environmental Economics and Environmental Policy
Environment and Society 
Sustainable Communities:  Structure and Sociology
Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Law
Political Ecology
Tenure, Conflict, and Resource Geography
Geographies of Environmental Justice
Introduction to Environmental History
Topics in Environmental History
Introduction to Global Studies
International Organization
Sustainable Resource Recreation and Tourism
Contemporary Political Issues
Society, Policy and Administration of Natural Resources
Environmental Problems and Human Behaviour