Economics (BA and BSc Programs)

Baotai Wang, Professor and Chair
Paul Bowles, Professor
Fiona MacPhail, Professor
Jalil Safaei Boroojeny, Professor
Karima Fredj, Associate Professor

Website: http://www.unbc.ca/economics

Economics as a discipline is constructed around the need to identify agents in the economy and analyze their interactions. As such it is based upon deriving generalizations by identifying behavioural rules and examining causal relationships between economic variables. The emphasis on examining causal relationships is a distinguishing feature of economics and forms an important part of its claim to be a social science. As well as addressing these central concerns, the Department of Economics recognizes the interaction between the economy and other broader social, political, cultural and technological forces. The Department therefore places special emphasis on courses that analyze institutions, facilitate comparative studies, encourage a historical approach, and recognize the pervasiveness of technological change.

Major in Economics

Undergraduate students are required to take 15 Economics courses (45 credit hours). Of these, 10 courses (30 credit hours) are at the upper division level.

The minimum requirement for completion of a Bachelor of Arts with a major in Economics is 120 credit hours.


Program Requirements

Lower Division Requirement

100 Level
ECON 100-3Microeconomics
ECON 101-3Macroeconomics
MATH 150-3Finite Mathematics for Business and Economics
     or MATH 220-3Linear Algebra
MATH 100-3Calculus I
     or MATH 152-3Calculus for Non-majors

One of:
COMM 100-3Introduction to Canadian Business
CPSC 110-3Introduction to Computer Systems and Programming
ENPL 104-3Introduction to Planning
FNST 100-3The Aboriginal Peoples of Canada
INTS 100-3Introduction to Global Studies
POLS 100-3Contemporary Political Issues

200 Level
ECON 205-3Statistics for Business and the Social Sciences

Two of:
ECON 204-3Contemporary Economic Issues
ECON 206-3Methods of Economic Evaluation
ECON 210-3Introduction to Health Economics and Policy
ECON 220-3Global Economic Shifts

One of:
COMM 210-3Financial Accounting
COMM 220-3Financial Management I
COMM 230-3Organizational Behaviour
COMM 240-3Introduction to Marketing
CPSC 250-3Applied Business Computing
ENPL 206-3Planning Analysis and Techniques
FNST 249-3Aboriginal Resource Planning
INTS 210-3Globalizations
INTS 225-3Global Environmental Challenge: Sustainability
POLS 200-3Canadian Government and Policies
POLS 202-3Canada in Comparative Perspective
POLS 255-3Introduction to Law in Canada

Upper Division Requirements

300 and 400 Level
ECON 310-3Intermediate Microeconomic Theory
ECON 311-3Intermediate Macroeconomic Theory
ECON 312-3Introduction to Econometrics
ECON 412-3Applying Economics in the Community
      or ECON 440-3Internship

18 credit hours of upper-division Economics and 6 credit hours of upper-level applied and/or policy-oriented courses from any discipline (including Economics) and approval by the Chair.
*Note: Students wishing to pursue graduate studies in Economics are strongly advised to take ECON 320-3 (Introduction to Mathematical Economics) and ECON 451-3 (Advanced Microeconomic Theory).

Elective and Academic Breadth Requirement

Electives at any level in any subject sufficient to ensure completion of a minimum of 120 credit hours, including any additional credits necessary to meet the Academic Breadth requirement of the University (see Academic Regulation 15).


Joint Major in Economics/Global and International Studies

Joint majors are designed for students interested in a combination of two related fields of study. They normally involve a specific set of course requirements selected to provide solid specialization in each of the two fields. The graduation requirements for a joint major can normally be met in four years of study.
The minimum requirement for completion of a Bachelor of Arts with a joint major in Economics and and Global and International Studies is 120 credit hours.


Program Requirements

Lower Division Requirement

ECON 100-3Microeconomics
ECON 101-3Macroeconomics
ECON 204-3Contemporary Economic Issues
     or ECON 206-3Methods of Economic Evaluation
     or ECON 210-3Introduction to Health Economics and Policy
ECON 205-3Statistics for Business and the Social Sciences
ECON 220-3Global Economic Shifts
INTS 100-3Introduction to Global Studies
INTS 210-3Globalizations

Upper Division Requirement*

ECON 310-3Intermediate Microeconomic Theory
     or ECON 350-3Managerial Economics
ECON 311-3Intermediate Macroeconomic Theory

Two of:
ECON 308-3International Economic Relations
ECON 321-3Economics of Developing Countries
ECON 401-3Global Economy
ECON 404-3Poverty, Inequality and Development
INTS 310-3Origins and Evolution of Our Globalizing World


Fifteen additional credit hours of 300- or 400-level Global and International Studies courses.

Six additional credit hours of 300- or 400-level Economics courses.  
* Students must ensure that all prerequisites are fulfilled prior to registering in any courses. Note that MATH 152 is a prerequisite for ECON 310.

Language and Regional Studies Requirement
One of:
GEOG 220-3World Regions: Latin America and the Caribbean
GEOG 222-3World Regions: Russia
HIST 281-3Republican Latin America
INTS 200-3Contemporary Russia
INTS 203-3Contemporary Japan
INTS 204-3Contemporary China
INTS 207-3Contemporary Latin America
INTS 240-3Contemporary Circumpolar North

Twelve credit hours of Global and International Studies language courses.  At least two courses must be in one language.  

Elective and Academic Breadth Requirement

Elective credit hours as necessary to ensure completion of a minimum of 120 credit hours, including any additional credits necessary to meet the Academic Breadth requirement of the University (see Academic Regulation 15).



Joint Major in Economics/Political Science

The minimum requirement for completion of a Bachelor of Arts with a Joint Major in Economics and Political Science is 120 credit hours.


Program Requirements

Lower Division Requirement

ECON 100-3Microeconomics
ECON 101-3Macroeconomics
ECON 205-3Statistics for Business and the Social Sciences
Two of:
ECON 204-3Contemporary Economic Issues
ECON 206-3Methods of Economic Evaluation
ECON 210-3Introduction to Health Economics and Policy
ECON 220-3Global Economic Shifts
POLS 100-3Contemporary Political Issues
POLS 200-3Canadian Government and Politics
POLS 202-3Canada in Comparative Perspective
POLS 270-3Political Philosophy: Plato to Locke
POLS 290-3         
Research and Writing for Political Science 

Upper Division Requirement

ECON 310-3Intermediate Microeconomic Theory
ECON 311-3Intermediate Macroeconomic Theory
ECON 350-3Managerial Economics
POLS 303-3Democracy and Democratization
POLS 320-3Canadian Politics and Policy
POLS 370-3Political Philosophy: Antiquity to Early Modernity
Nine credit hours in Political Science at the 400 level.
Eighteen credit hours in Economics at the 300 or 400 level.

Elective and Academic Breadth Requirement

Elective credit hours as necessary to ensure completion of a minimum of 120 credit hours, including any additional credits necessary to meet the Academic Breadth requirement of the University (see Academic Regulation 15).

Minor in Economics

The minor in Economics requires the completion of 24 credit hours. Students must complete:

ECON 100-3Microeconomics
ECON 101-3Macroeconomics

Two of:
ECON 204-3Contemporary Economic Issues
ECON 205-3Statistics for Business and the Social Sciences
ECON 206-3Methods of Economic Evaluation
ECON 210-3Introduction to Health Economics and Policy
ECON 220-3Global Economic Shifts

12 credit hours of 300- or 400- level Economics courses.

A maximum of 4 courses (12 credit hours) used to fulfill program requirements for a major or another minor may also be used to fulfill requirements for a minor in Economics.

Alternative courses may be substituted for the above with written permission of the Chair of Economics and Dean.


BSc (Joint Major in Economics/Mathematics)

The minimum requirement for completion of a Bachelor of Science with a Joint Major in Economics and Mathematics is 121 credit hours.

MATH 342-3 (Biostatistics) may not be used for credit towards any Mathematics major, minor or joint major.

MATH 150-3 (Finite Mathematics for Business and Economics) may not be used for credit towards any Mathematics major or joint major.

Note: Students enrolling in any Mathematics courses are required to have completed all prerequisite courses for that course with a "C-" or better, or have permission to enroll from the Chair of Mathematics.


Program Requirements

Literacy Requirement

One of:
ENGL 170-3Writing and Communication Skills
ENGL 270-3Expository Writing

Economics Requirements

Two of:
ECON 204-3Contemporary Economic Issues
ECON 206-3Methods of Economic Evaluation
ECON 210-3Introduction to Health Economics and Policy
ECON 220-3Global Economic Shifts

And:
ECON 205-3Statistics for Business and the Social Sciences
ECON 310-3Intermediate Microeconomic Theory
ECON 311-3Intermediate Macroeconomic Theory
ECON 312-3Introduction to Econometrics
ECON 320-3Introduction to Mathematical Economics
ECON 451-3Advanced Microeconomic Theory

Twelve additional credit hours of 300- or 400-level Economics.

Mathematics Requirements

MATH 100-3Calculus I
     or MATH 105-3Enriched Calculus
MATH 101-3Calculus II
MATH 200-3Calculus III
MATH 201-3Introduction to Complex Analysis
MATH 220-3Linear Algebra
MATH 224-3Foundations of Modern Mathematics
MATH 230-3Linear Differential Equations and Boundary Value Problems
MATH 320-3Survey of Algebra
     or MATH 302-3Introductory Mathematical Analysis
STAT 371-3Probability and Statistics for Scientists and Engineers

Six additional credit hours of 300- or 400- level Mathematics (STAT 372-3 is strongly recommended).

Six additional credit hours of 400-level Mathematics.

Program Requirements

CPSC 100-4Computer Programming I

Elective and Academic Breadth Requirements

Elective credit hours as necessary to ensure completion of a minimum of 121 credit hours, including any additional credits necessary to meet the Academic Breadth requirement of the University (see Academic Regulation 15).

Minor in International Development Studies

The International Development Studies minor provides students with the opportunity to learn about the lives of the majority of the world’s population. Students have the opportunity to explore the diversity of cultures, political systems, histories, and economic strategies that shape the contemporary context for development. By combining courses from several subject areas and analyzing development as a concept and as a practice at the local, national and international levels, the program provides students with the knowledge and perspectives needed to gain a better understanding of the world in which we all live.
The Minor requires 27 credit hours. Twelve credit hours are required in the lower division and at least 12 credit hours must be from the upper division. In the upper division, courses must be chosen from at least three subject areas.

Lower division required courses:

Peoples and Cultures
ECON  220-3Global Economic Shifts
Human Geography
The West and the World Since 1660

In addition, students must take 15 credit hours of elective courses from at least three subject areas of which at least 12 credit hours must be from the upper division.
Students must take two or more of:
Economics of Developing Countries 
ECON 401-3Global Economy and Development
Poverty, Inequality and Development
Geography of International Development 
International Development 
Other approved courses are:
ANTH 401-3
Anthropological Perspectives on Inequality 
ANTH 404-3Comparative Study of Indigenous Peoples of the World
Postcolonial Literature
Comparative Literature
Postcolonial Literature
Special Topics in Comparative Literature
International Perspective
Cultural Geography
Political Geography
Introduction to Medical Geography
Geographies of Migration and Settlement
Resource Geography
Geographies of Culture, Rights and Power
The Expansion of Europe
The Age of Empire: Europe and the World, 1789-1914
Colonial Latin America
Republican Latin America
The Contemporary World
Modern Mexico
Introduction to International Studies
Human Rights
Gender and International Studies
Pacific Affairs
International Dimensions of Recreation and Tourism
Democracy and Democratization
Politics and Society in China
Comparative Aboriginal State Relations

Students may count up to 12 credit hours in their Major towards their Minor.